Can You Feel Nausea In The First Week Of Pregnancy – HIV has different stages of the disease. In the initial stage after exposure, symptoms may include flu or cold symptoms. It can clear up on its own while HIV is still active in the body. It will then progress to a chronic illness, where symptoms can vary widely but include weight loss, fatigue and unexplained fever. The chronic phase can occur any time after the acute phase, but it cannot happen immediately. If left untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS, which is diagnosed by the number of white blood cells circulating in the blood.
HIV is a virus that destroys the immune system. There is currently no cure for HIV, but since the late 1980s, treatment in the form of antiretroviral drugs has been available to reduce the effects of all symptoms.
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In most cases, once a person is infected with HIV, the virus remains in the body for the rest of their life. However, the symptoms of HIV are different from the symptoms of other viral infections because they come on gradually.
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If left untreated, there are three stages of illness caused by the disease. Everyone has different symptoms and complications.
But regular antiretroviral therapy can reduce HIV to undetectable levels in the blood. This means that the virus does not progress to the final stages of HIV infection or is transmitted to partners during sexual intercourse.
The first phase to be noticed is the first HIV infection. This process is also called acute retroviral syndrome (ARS), or HIV infection.
It often causes flu-like symptoms, so it is possible for a person at this stage to think they have a severe flu or other viral illness instead of HIV. Fever is the most common symptom.
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, the first symptoms of HIV can appear 2 to 4 weeks after the first exposure. They can last several weeks. However, some people may have symptoms for a few days.
ARS is common when a person is infected with HIV. But that’s not the case for everyone because, according to HIV.gov, symptoms may not appear for a decade or more.
Although the virus replicates rapidly within weeks of acquiring it, the early symptoms of HIV often appear when the rate of cell destruction is high.
This does not mean that the incidence of asymptomatic HIV is not very high or that asymptomatic people cannot transmit the virus to others.
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After the initial exposure and possible initial infection, HIV can move to the stage of clinical transmission. Due to the lack of symptoms in some people, it is also called asymptomatic HIV.
According to HIV.gov, HIV infection can last up to 10 to 15 years. This means that the virus is spread more easily than before. But this does not mean that HIV does not exist, nor does it mean that the virus cannot be transmitted to others.
Symptoms of chronic HIV can vary, from mild to more severe. People may experience episodes of the following, especially in advanced stages:
Clinically latent infection can progress to the third and final stage of HIV, known as AIDS. The risk of progression is higher if people living with HIV do not receive or continue treatment, such as antiretroviral therapy.
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) blood is a sign that HIV has progressed to the final stage. The normal range is 500 to 1,600 cells/mm
Sometimes AIDS simply describes a person’s general health – it occurs when the immune system is severely weakened by HIV and can lead to AIDS-defining conditions, such as certain diseases and cancers, which are rare in people who do not have HIV.
People who are more likely to be infected with HIV are advised to test at least once a year. A person can:
, and each has a different window period—the time between when you’re most likely to have HIV and when a test can detect the virus. If you have been exposed to HIV within 72 hours, taking postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) can help prevent transmission.
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Nucleic acid tests can usually detect HIV infection between 10 and 33 days after exposure.
Antigen/antibody tests using blood drawn from a vein have a typical window period of 18 to 45 days, while they can be used 23 to 90 days after possible antigen/antibody exposure.
A positive result will be checked in the next test (aka “confirmation test”). If the second test comes back positive, you will be diagnosed with HIV.
Finding out you have HIV can be difficult for some people. But there are professional therapists who can help – both physically and emotionally.
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Your GP may be able to help directly or refer you to someone who already has HIV. You can also find local HIV doctors here.
It is important to start treatment as soon as HIV is diagnosed. Talk to your doctor or other health care provider if you notice new or worsening symptoms.
The disease can be controlled with antiretroviral drugs. These should be taken at all stages of HIV – even if there are no visible symptoms.
Inside the body by stopping it from replicating, and can lower its level so that the virus becomes invisible.
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Therefore, the drug helps prevent the development of the disease, preserve the quality of life, and can prevent the virus from being transmitted to others through sexual intercourse.
You may be given a combination of drugs to prevent the virus from becoming resistant. Most people have an undetectable virus within 6 months.
If this is not possible, all loved ones can be protected by taking a medicine called preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Condoms should also be used to prevent sexually transmitted infections during sex.
The amount of HIV in your blood with a virus test and check the number of CD4 cells in your blood – these help fight the disease.
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When HIV progresses to AIDS, other treatments are often needed to treat AIDS-related illnesses or life-threatening complications.
The only 100 percent effective way to prevent HIV is to avoid sharing injection equipment and to refrain from sex.
The first symptoms usually appear within a few weeks after exposure. However, some people do not develop symptoms until years later.
Regular testing is very important if you have HIV. With prompt and appropriate treatment, the disease and its symptoms can be controlled, helping you and your loved ones stay as healthy as possible.
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Lauren Sharkey is a UK-based journalist and writer specializing in women’s issues. When he’s not looking for ways to banish headaches, he can find the answers to your health questions. She has also written books about young female activists around the world and is building a community of such dissidents. Catch him on Twitter.
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Our experts are constantly monitoring the health and wellness space, and we update our articles as new information becomes available. (embryologist), Michelle Lorraine Embleton B.Sc. Ph.D. (biochemist) and Sandra Fernández B.A., M.A. (fertility consultant).
In general, the first week of pregnancy begins with the onset of the last menstrual period (LMP).
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At the moment there has been no implantation of embryos and pregnancy. Gynecologists consider the first day of LMP as the beginning of pregnancy, because it is difficult to determine the exact day of conception.
Below is an index with the 7 points that will be expanded upon in this article.
, the woman is not yet pregnant. This week marks the beginning of a new menstrual cycle – the one in which pregnancy will occur. Therefore, in week 1 there is a normal period, which usually lasts between 3 and 7 days.
From this week, the body starts releasing gonadotropic hormones FSH and LH again. As a result, the ovaries begin to form new follicles and release sex hormones.
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Due to the release of estrogen from the ovaries, the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) grows again and begins to thicken immediately after the last period.
The endometrium is the lining of the uterus, which thickens with each menstrual cycle and disappears during menstruation. To learn more, read: What is the role of the endometrium?
In women whose menstrual cycle is very short or irregular, ovulation may occur during this week. In other words, they can get pregnant during their period if they have unprotected sex.
The symptoms you may experience in week 1 are those normally associated with menstruation. The following are the most common discomforts:
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In general, the first signs of pregnancy in the first week are the usual lack of appetite. These symptoms can be noticed before your period, a process called
If the woman is accidentally pregnant, it is likely that she did not change her routine for a week before a positive pregnancy test was performed.
If youare trying to conceive, either naturally or through childbirth
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