How Do I Know If Breast Cancer Has Spread – Breast cancer is an abnormal growth of breast tissue that can sometimes feel like a lump. A tumor develops when cells in the breast divide uncontrollably and produce more tissue. It can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Cancer cells can spread within the breast, to the lymph nodes (glands) in the armpit, and to other parts of the body.
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed female cancer among Singaporean women. Almost 1 in 13 women in Singapore will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime.
How Do I Know If Breast Cancer Has Spread
This happens when cancer cells grow from within the duct and invade the surrounding breast tissue. This type accounts for 70 to 80% of breast cancer cases.
Invasive Ductal Carcinoma: What Is It, Risk Factors, Diagnosis And More
This originates in the lobules of the breast and invades the surrounding tissue. This type accounts for 10 to 15% of all breast cancer cases.
Stage 0 and 1 breast cancer has a 5-year relative survival rate of almost 100%, while stage 2 and 3 breast cancer has a 5-year relative survival rate of less than 90% and 70%, respectively. However, stage 4 breast cancer has a 5-year relative survival rate of 23%.
The cause of breast cancer is unknown and may be due to a combination of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. All women, regardless of age and general health, are at risk of breast cancer.
In any breast cancer treatment, normal cells can be affected. Therefore, treatment can lead to side effects and complications, such as
The Signs Of Breast Cancer
While there is no sure way to prevent breast cancer, maintaining certain healthy habits can help reduce your risk. Here’s a few: Not all breast cancers are the same. Breast cancer is classified based on the type of tissue in which the cancer starts.
The area where breast cancer starts determines how the disease usually behaves. This information helps doctors decide which treatment will be most effective.
DCIS starts in the cells of the breast duct but can develop into a more invasive form of cancer.
DCIS is very treatable unless it is left untreated or undiagnosed, in which case it can spread to other areas.
How To Examine Yourself This Breast Cancer Awareness Month (and Beyond!)
The most common type of breast cancer, invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC or infiltrative breast cancer), accounts for about 70 to 80 percent of all breast cancer diagnoses, according to the National Breast Cancer Foundation.
Like DCIS, invasive ductal carcinoma begins in the milk ducts of the breast. But unlike DCIS, it spreads beyond the duct wall and into the fatty tissue of the breast.
From this point, the cancer can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system and blood stream.
Originating in milk-producing glands called lobules, invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) can spread to other parts of the body, just like IDC.
Breast Cancer Is Curable
Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) accounts for only 1 to 3 percent of all breast cancers, according to the American Cancer Society.
However, it is a very aggressive form of cancer. IBC is more likely to spread and has a more serious prognosis than other breast cancers.
Sometimes, in its early stages, IBC is mistaken for a breast infection (called mastitis) and treated with antibiotics, which do not help the condition.
Unlike other types of breast cancer, IBC does not usually cause lumps or tumors, which can be difficult to detect with a mammogram.
Cancer’s Spread To Bone
Also known as Paget’s disease of the nipple or Paget’s disease of the breast, this type of cancer starts in the breast duct and spreads to the skin of the nipple and then to the areola (the dark circle around the nipple).
Paget’s disease is often misdiagnosed early on because the first symptoms seen can easily be confused with a common skin condition affecting the nipples.
According to the American Cancer Society, Paget disease is present in only about 1% of all breast cancer cases, but it is often associated with DCIS or CDI.
When Paget’s disease appears in the nipples, there are often one or more tumors in the same breast. Need to have a mastectomy (remove breast tissue) often.
What Is Metastatic Breast Cancer?
If there are no lumps in the breast and the biopsy shows DCIS but no invasive cancer, the prognosis is good.
A triple negative breast cancer diagnosis means that the breast cancer cells you have have tested negative for three of the most common receptors that cause most breast cancers to grow.
Common breast cancer treatments – such as hormone therapy or drugs that target estrogen, progesterone and HER-2 – are ineffective against triple-negative breast cancer.
However, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy are still effective options, and cancer may respond better to chemotherapy in its early stages than other forms of cancer.
Breast Cancer: Signs, Symptoms, And Complications
Medullary carcinoma accounts for 3 to 5 percent of all breast cancer cases, according to the National Breast Cancer Foundation.
In most cases, the tumor cannot be felt, but changes in the breast tissue may be obvious. A mammogram can detect this form of cancer.
Tubular carcinoma is a collection of spongy-like cells in the breast tissue rather than lumps.
It is most often found in women age 50 and older and accounts for 2% of all breast cancer diagnoses, according to the National Breast Cancer Foundation.
The Worrying Skin Change That Could Mean You Have Breast Cancer
It accounts for about 1 to 2 percent of all breast cancers and usually has a good outlook.
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Is the difference due to inequalities in care or biology? Research presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Conference offers new leads. Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare, fast-growing cancer that requires immediate treatment. It causes symptoms similar to a breast infection. Symptoms of IBC can include redness, swelling, pain, enlarged breasts, and breast skin that looks like an orange peel. Treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy.
Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare cancer that spreads quickly. Unlike most breast cancers, IBC does not usually cause lumps in the breast tissue. Instead, it appears as a rash, forming a skin structure on the affected breast that resembles an orange peel. IBC causes pain, redness, swelling and dimples in the affected breast.
Sneaky Signs Of Breast Cancer That Have Nothing To Do With Lumps
IBC results when cancer cells block lymph vessels – the small hollow tubes that allow lymph fluid to leave your chest. The blockage leads to inflammation, causing symptoms that make it easy to mistake IBC for an infection.
IBC grows quickly and needs immediate treatment. Health professionals often treat IBC with chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy.
Breast cancer occurs at different rates around the world. It is common in North Africa. It accounts for only 4% of breast cancer cases in Tunisia and up to 11% of breast cancer diagnoses in Egypt. IBC is rare in the United States, accounting for only 1% to 5% of breast cancer cases.
Inflammatory breast cancer can be difficult to detect because it often does not cause lumps like normal breast cancer. Instead, the first symptoms are associated with inflammation (redness, swelling, pain) in the affected breast. These symptoms make it easy to mistake IBC for a less serious condition, such as an infection.
Breast Cysts And Breast Cancer: How Can You Tell The Difference?
Most inflammatory breast cancer is considered invasive ductal cancer. “Ductal” cancer is cancer that originates from the cells located in the milk ducts. “Invasive” colon cancer is cancer that spreads outside the colon, invading healthy tissue. Researchers do not know what causes these cells to become malignant (cancerous).
Inflammatory breast cancer develops when cancer cells block lymph vessels. Lymphatic ducts are hollow tubes in the lymph system that allow lymph fluid to leave the chest. Blockages make your breasts red, swollen and inflamed. In most cases of IBC, cancer cells spread (metastasize) from your lymph vessels. Cancer that spreads to your other organs and is more difficult to treat.
Inflammatory breast cancer is rare, with symptoms similar to a more common condition – breast infection (mastitis). Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics and see if that improves your symptoms to get rid of the infection. If they suspect IBC, they will order a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and further tests to see if the cancer has spread outside the breast.
The results of the biopsy can help your doctor diagnose cancer or determine if it has spread outside of the breast tissue. When IBC is diagnosed, it is either stage III or stage IV. Stage III cancer has spread to the skin from breast tissue only. Stage IV cancer has spread to other organs.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Treatment, And More
Depending on the characteristics of your cancer cells (discovered during a biopsy), you may receive treatment such as targeted therapy, hormone therapy or immunotherapy.
Your doctor can also
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