How Do You If You Have Hiv – Clinically reviewed by Cameron White, MD, MPH – by Ann Pietrangelo and Kristeen Cherney – updated March 29, 2022
Many people are familiar with HIV, but they may not know how it affects the body.
How Do You If You Have Hiv
HIV destroys CD4 cells (also called T cells or helpers), which are very important for the immune system. CD4 cells are responsible for keeping people healthy and protecting them from common illnesses and diseases.
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The HIV virus attacks the types of cells that are normally able to fight off viruses like HIV. As the virus multiplies, it destroys or destroys CD4 cells and produces more virus to infect more CD4 cells.
Without treatment, this can continue until the immune system is severely compromised, leaving a person vulnerable to serious illness and disease.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the last stage of HIV. During this time, the immune system is severely weakened, and the risk of contracting opportunistic infections is high.
However, not all HIV positive people will develop AIDS. The sooner a person receives treatment, the better the outcome.
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The immune system prevents the body from contracting diseases and infections. White blood cells protect the body from viruses, bacteria and other things that can make a person sick.
A few days after being diagnosed with HIV, a person with HIV may experience a flu-like illness for several weeks. This corresponds to the first phase of HIV, which is called acute disease stage, or acute HIV.
A person with HIV may not have severe symptoms at this stage, but there is usually a lot of virus in their blood as the virus spreads rapidly.
The next stage is called the chronic disease stage. It can be 10 to 15 years. A person with HIV may or may not show symptoms during this time.
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Kaposi’s sarcoma, another possible complication, is a cancer of the blood vessels. It is rare in the general population, but is more common in people with HIV.
Symptoms include red or purple rashes on the mouth and skin. It can also cause problems in the lungs, stomach and other internal organs.
HIV and AIDS also put a person at risk of developing lymphoma. The first symptom of lymphoma is swelling of the lymph nodes.
HIV makes it difficult to fight respiratory infections like colds and flu. Also, a person infected with HIV can develop other diseases such as pneumonia.
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Without HIV treatment, advanced infections put an HIV-positive person at greater risk of developing infections, such as tuberculosis and a fungal infection called Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP).
The risk of lung cancer is also increased by HIV. This is due to the weakening of the lungs from many respiratory factors related to the weakening of the immune system.
People with HIV have high blood pressure. HIV also increases the risk of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PAH is a form of high blood pressure in the arteries that supply blood to the lungs. Over time, PAH will damage the heart and can lead to heart failure.
TB is an HIV virus that affects the lungs. It is the leading cause of death in people with AIDS. Symptoms include chest pain and a cough that contains blood or mucus. The cough may last for several months.
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Since HIV affects the immune system, it also makes the body less susceptible to infections that can affect the digestive system.
Stomach problems can also reduce appetite and make it difficult to eat well. As a result, weight loss is a common side effect of HIV.
A common infection associated with HIV is oral thrush, which is a fungal infection that causes inflammation and white bumps on the tongue and mouth.
Another viral disease that affects the mouth is oral leukoplakia, which causes white lesions on the tongue.
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Salmonella is spread through contaminated food or water, and causes diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vomiting. Anyone can get it
The disease affects the gallbladder and intestinal tract and can be very serious. It can cause diarrhea in people with AIDS.
Although HIV does not directly affect nerve cells, it can affect the cells that support and surround the nerves in the brain and throughout the body.
Although the link between HIV and nerve damage is not well understood, it is likely that the helper cells infected with the virus contribute to nerve damage.
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HIV can cause nerve damage, also known as neuropathy. This often leads to pain and numbness in the feet and hands.
Small holes in the nerves of the nerves can cause pain, weakness, and difficulty walking. This disease is known as vacuolar myelopathy.
There are serious neurological complications of AIDS. HIV and AIDS can cause HIV-related cognitive impairment, a condition that affects cognitive function.
Having a weakened immune system puts people with AIDS at increased risk of inflammation of the brain and spinal cord caused by the parasite. Symptoms include confusion, headache and seizures. Seizures can also be caused by other neurological disorders.
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In the most advanced cases, hallucinations and frank psychosis occur. Some people may also experience headaches, poor concentration or coordination and vision problems.
A weakened immune system leaves a person vulnerable to contracting viruses such as herpes. Herpes can cause sores on the mouth or genitals.
HIV also increases a person’s risk of developing shingles. Reactivation of herpes zoster, the virus that gives people chicken pox, can cause shingles. The infection causes painful swelling, often with blisters.
A skin infection called molluscum contagiosum involves an itchy rash on the skin. Another condition called prurigo nodularis causes skin rashes and severe itching.
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The HIV virus can cause a variety of symptoms, from mild flu-like symptoms to neurological symptoms when the infection progresses to AIDS.
Many of the effects described above are related to the immune system, which is constantly at risk during the development of HIV and AIDS.
However, many of these side effects can be prevented with antiretroviral drugs, which can maintain and restore the immune system.
A healthcare professional may prescribe additional treatments, such as blood pressure medication or topical creams, to help manage the effects of HIV and AIDS on other body systems.
Hiv Care Saves Lives Infographic
Our experts are always monitoring health and wellness, and we update our news as soon as it is available. HIV has several stages of disease. In the early stages of the disease, symptoms can include a cold or flu. This can only be achieved when the HIV virus is active in the body. It will progress to chronic disease, where symptoms can vary widely but include weight loss, fatigue and unexplained fever. The chronic stage can occur at any time after the acute stage, but maybe not immediately after. If not treated, HIV can progress to AIDS, which is characterized by an increase in the number of white blood cells circulating in the blood.
HIV is a virus that affects the immune system. There is currently no cure for HIV, but since the late 1980s, antiretroviral drugs have been available to help reduce the severity of any symptoms.
In most cases, once a person is infected with HIV, the virus remains in the body for life. However, the symptoms of HIV are not the same as the symptoms of other viral diseases because they come in stages.
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If it is not followed, the disease caused by this disease has three stages. Each has different symptoms and complications.
But antiretroviral drugs always reduce the amount of HIV in the blood. This means that the virus will not reach the future of the HIV virus or spread to partners during sex.
The first known stage is the HIV virus. This phase is also called acute retroviral syndrome (ARS), or HIV.
They often cause flu-like symptoms, so it is more likely that someone has the common cold or another viral infection rather than HIV. Fever is the most common symptom.
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The first symptoms of HIV can appear two to four weeks after the initial infection. They can stay for several weeks. However, some people may have symptoms for several days.
ARS is common once a person is infected with HIV. But that’s not the case for everyone because, according to HIV.gov, symptoms may not appear for a decade or more.
Although the virus spreads rapidly within a few weeks of infection, the first symptoms of HIV infection appear only when the number of cells increases significantly.
This does not mean that asymptomatic cases of HIV are rare or that an asymptomatic person cannot transmit the virus to others.
Symptoms Of Hiv
After the initial exposure to the virus, HIV can progress to a latent infection stage. Due to the lack of symptoms in some people, this is also called asymptomatic
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