How Do You Know If You Are Bipolar

How Do You Know If You Are Bipolar – Bipolar disorder (formerly known as manic depression or manic depression) is a mental disorder that causes unusual changes in mood, energy, activity levels, concentration, and ability to perform daily tasks.

There are three types of bipolar disorder. All three types involve significant changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extreme “high,” excitement, irritability, or excitability (known as manic episodes) to extremely “depressed,” sad, apathetic, or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). More severe manic episodes are known as hypomanic episodes.

How Do You Know If You Are Bipolar

Sometimes a person may experience symptoms of bipolar disorder that do not fit into the three categories listed above, which are defined as “other specified and unspecified bipolar and related disorders.”

What ‘actually’ Bipolar Disorder Feels Like

Bipolar disorder is usually diagnosed in late adolescence (teens) or early adulthood. Sometimes children can develop bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder can first appear during a woman’s pregnancy or after childbirth. Although symptoms may change over time, bipolar disorder usually requires lifelong treatment. Following a prescribed treatment plan can help people manage symptoms and improve their quality of life.

People with bipolar disorder experience periods of unusually intense emotions, changes in sleep patterns and activity levels, and periods of unusual behavior—often without recognizing their potentially harmful or negative effects. These special periods are called “mood episodes”. Mood episodes differ greatly from individual mood and behavior. During an episode, symptoms persist for most of the day each day. Episodes may last longer, such as days or weeks.

Engage in risky behaviors that show poor judgment, such as overeating or drinking, spending or giving too much money, or reckless sex.

Almost all include a lack of interest, decreased or no sexual desire, or a lack of pleasure (“anhedonia”).

Bipolar Disorder And Anxiety: Which Comes First And What If You Have Both?

Sometimes people experience both manic and depressive symptoms in the same episode. Such an episode is called a mixed episode. People experiencing a mixed episode may feel very sad, empty, or hopeless, and at the same time feel a great deal of energy.

A person can suffer from bipolar disorder, even if the symptoms are mild. For example, some people with bipolar disorder (Bipolar II) experience hypomania, a less severe form of mania. During a hypomanic episode, a person may feel very comfortable, able to get things done, and keep up with daily life. A person may not feel that anything is wrong, but family and friends may recognize changes in mood or activity level as possible bipolar disorder. Without proper treatment, people with hypomania develop severe mania or depression.

Proper diagnosis and treatment can help people with bipolar disorder live healthy and active lives. Talking to your doctor or other licensed health care professional is the first step. Your doctor can perform a physical exam and order the necessary medical tests to rule out other conditions. A health care provider may then perform a mental health evaluation or refer you to a trained psychiatric care provider, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or clinical social worker, who has experience in the diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder.

Mental health professionals usually make a diagnosis of bipolar disorder based on a person’s symptoms, life history, experiences, and in some cases, family history. Accurate diagnosis is especially important in adolescents. For tips on talking to your doctor, see Mental health monitoring: Tips for talking to your doctor.

Bipolar Mood ‘swings’: Mood Episodes, Triggers, How Long They Last

A note to healthcare professionals: People with bipolar disorder are more likely to seek help for depression than when experiencing mania or hypomania. A careful medical history is necessary to ensure that bipolar disorder is not confused with major depression. This is especially important when treating an initial depressive episode, as antidepressants can trigger a manic episode in people who are at high risk for developing bipolar disorder.

Some symptoms of bipolar disorder are similar to other conditions, making it difficult for your doctor to diagnose. Additionally, many people may suffer from a mental disorder or condition other than bipolar disorder, such as an anxiety disorder, substance use disorder, or eating disorder. People with bipolar disorder are at increased risk for thyroid disease, headaches, heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other physical illnesses.

Psychosis: Sometimes a person with severe manic or depressive episodes may experience psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions. Psychotic symptoms usually correspond to a person’s extreme mood. For example:

As a result, people with bipolar disorder with psychotic symptoms are sometimes misdiagnosed with schizophrenia. When people have symptoms of bipolar disorder and experience periods of psychosis separate from mood episodes, schizoaffective disorder may be the correct diagnosis.

How To Know If You Have Bipolar Disorder: 12 Steps (with Pictures)

Drug or alcohol abuse: People with bipolar disorder may abuse alcohol or drugs and engage in other risky behaviors during moments of distorted judgment during manic episodes. Although the negative effects of alcohol or drug use may be apparent to family, friends, and health professionals, it is important to recognize the presence of an associated mental disorder.

Eating disorders: In some cases, people with bipolar disorder have eating disorders such as binge eating or bulimia nervosa.

Scientists are investigating possible causes of bipolar disorder. Most agree that there is no single cause, and many factors can influence a person’s likelihood of developing the disease.

Brain structure and function: Some research suggests that the brains of people with bipolar disorder may differ from those of people without bipolar disorder or other mental disorders. More information about these differences will help scientists understand bipolar disorder and determine which treatments work best. Currently, health care providers base their diagnosis and treatment plan on a person’s symptoms and history, rather than brain imaging or other diagnostic tests.

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Genetics: Some studies show that people with certain genes have a higher risk of developing bipolar disorder. Research also shows that people who have a parent or sibling with bipolar disorder have a higher risk of developing the condition. Many genes are involved and no single gene causes the disease. Learning more about the role of genes in bipolar disorder may help scientists develop new treatments.

Treatment can help many people, including those with the most severe form of bipolar disorder. An effective treatment plan usually involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy, also known as “talk therapy.”

Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness. Manic and depressive episodes usually recur over time. Most people with bipolar disorder do not experience mood swings between episodes, but some people may have persistent symptoms. Long-term, continuous treatment can help people manage these symptoms.

Some medications can help manage the symptoms of bipolar disorder. Some people may need to try several different medications and work with their doctor before finding the one that works best for them.

Learn About Bipolar Disorder

Medications commonly used to treat bipolar disorder include mood stabilizers and second-generation (“atypical”) antipsychotics. Treatment plans may also include medications that target sleep or anxiety. Health professionals often prescribe antidepressants to treat depressive episodes in bipolar disorder by combining an antidepressant and a mood stabilizer to help prevent a manic episode.

Avoid stopping medication without talking to your doctor first. Stopping treatment suddenly can cause a “relapse” or worsening of bipolar disorder symptoms. Visit the Mental Health Medicines website for basic medication information. For the most up-to-date information on medications, side effects, and warnings, visit the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Medication Guide website.

Psychotherapy, also known as “talk therapy,” can be an effective part of the treatment plan for people with bipolar disorder. Psychotherapy is a term that describes a variety of treatments that help a person identify and change troubling emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. It can provide support, education and guidance to people with bipolar disorder and their families. Treatment may include therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychoeducation, which are used to treat a variety of medical conditions.

Treatment may also include newer therapies specifically designed to treat bipolar disorder, including interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) and family-focused therapy. An important area of ​​research is to determine whether intensive psychotherapeutic intervention in the earliest stages of bipolar disorder can prevent or limit its full onset.

Bipolar Disorder Symptoms & Support

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT): ECT is a brain stimulation procedure that helps people relieve the severe symptoms of bipolar disorder. With modern ECT, a person usually goes through a series of therapy sessions over several weeks. ECT is performed under general anesthesia and is safe. These can be effective in treating severe depressive and manic episodes, which are common when medications and psychotherapy are ineffective or dangerous for a particular patient. ECT can also be effective when rapid action is needed, such as when there is a risk of suicide or catatonia (a state of unresponsiveness).

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS): TMS is a new approach

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