How To Get Rid Of Acne Scars And Hyperpigmentation

How To Get Rid Of Acne Scars And Hyperpigmentation – Medically Reviewed by a Minimalist Health Expert – By Mahek Chawla (Nutritionist & Nutritionist) 09/18/2020

Are acne, pimples or itching giving you nightmares? Well, even more so because they leave behind scars, spots or marks just to remind us of the canceled plans. Scientifically, there are many reasons why an acne breakout leaves a scar or appears, but today we want to address the most common reasons.

How To Get Rid Of Acne Scars And Hyperpigmentation

All of the above reasons may sound unfamiliar, but these are the most common reasons you will hear after visiting a dermatologist. Acne or post-acne scars are not limited to these, but are caused by many factors and their damage. With the help of extensive research and knowledge, skin experts and cosmetologists have classified acne scars. Scars originate at the site of tissue damage and can be atrophic (loss of tissue) or hypertrophic (excess tissue). Atrophic scars occur more often than any other type. They are divided into three types, but they share a common mechanism, which is the lack of collagen that causes the dimple. Hypertrophic scars are rarely seen for the reasons mentioned above and only affect the injured area. It is characterized by excessive collagen deposition and high appearance. Acne scars that usually heal with active ingredients, chemical peels, or clinical treatments are atrophic.

Natural Acne Scar Treatment: Can I Get Rid Of Acne Scars Naturally?

These are embedded deep into the vertical epithelial tissue in a V-shaped surface. Difficult to treat because of the depth of damage they cause.

Boxcar scars are round or oval depressions with clear vertical edges. They are clinically wider on the face than icicle scars and do not taper from the base to a point. They are shallow, so they are easier to handle.

These are caused by an otherwise relatively normal skin adhesion and are usually wider than 4-5 mm. Abnormal fibrous anchoring from the dermis to the subcutaneous tissue causes superficial shadowing and a wavy or wavy appearance to the overlying skin. The scar is shallower than a boxcar and is usually treated with fillers to regenerate tissue. A detailed examination includes the above description of the scars, the condition or severity may vary from individual to individual. Above all, there is also a huge confusion between acne scars and acne marks. Before we start treating these, we need to know the difference between them. An acne scar is the loss of tissue or a visibly damaged surface after acne either from picking or pressing as a result of very severe acne or breakouts. Red, painful or cystic acne usually eventually leaves a scar. Many physical extractions or rashes also cause scarring for those with widespread acne. Although there are many products or treatments available, it requires a sophisticated and well tamed treatment such as dermal fillers and lasers, e.g. Acne scars are spots or patches as such, usually caused by inflammation, and are called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or PIH. They appear flat on the face as shades of brown, red or purple and are not permanent if taken care of. They often go away after a while, and if they don’t, they can be treated with an anti-pigmentation ingredient to lighten and eventually eliminate the spots. There are certain ingredients you need to look for in your acne products. Some of them have been part of the daily routine of skin care professionals. They are also scientifically proven to be effective. To make it easier for you to get your hands on each of these, we categorize them into two categories: OTC products prescribed by experts and home care products or natural ingredients.

Azelaic acid (AzA) is a 9-carbon saturated dicarboxylic acid derived from the fungus Pityrosporum Ovale and found in rye, wheat and barley. This agent mainly targets abnormal and highly active melanocytes with little effect on intact skin. Studies have shown its significant effectiveness in hypopigmentation in melasma and PIH. Its mechanism of action is inhibition of various enzymes and DNA synthesis in damaged tissues.

How To Get Rid Of Acne Scars, According To A Derm

Kojic acid (KA) is a metabolic product of Acetobacter, Aspergillus and Penicillium fungi. It acts as a ROS scavenger, has antioxidant properties and inhibits tyrosinase. KA is used in several cosmetic skin brighteners and is also used as a food additive to prevent tanning. Studies show that it reduces dark spots and hyperpigmentation as effectively as hydroquinone. Therefore, it shows effects on irregular facial pigmentation, facial dyschromia, etc. It can be obtained from different fermentation products, which usually contain many different bacteria, such as wine, rice, soy sauce, kefir, among others.

Ascorbic acid (AA; vitamin C) is an acidic, hydrophilic (water-loving) antioxidant found most commonly in citrus fruits and acts as a cofactor in several human enzymatic processes. AA plays a significant role in wound healing, catecholamine synthesis (antioxidant), tyrosine degradation (enzyme), bile acid synthesis, iron absorption, neurotransmitter synthesis and immune system function. The depigmentation mechanism of ascorbic acid includes the elimination of free radicals, collagen synthesis, the formation of oxidants and the production of nitric oxide. Ascorbic acid has been shown to successfully treat severe melasma, bilateral epidermal melasma, and PIH. Its powerhouse is known for its versatility and superfood for the skin, and is included in many high-end skincare staples. In addition to the acids mentioned above, there are several other options available from natural sources, such as ellagic acid, curcumin (turmeric), aloesin (aloe vera), which have shown effects, but with continued use of pure sources or concentrated.

Glycolic acid is an alcohol-soluble alpha hydroxy acid derived from fruit and milk sugars. Glycolic acid works by thinning the stratum corneum, promoting epidermolysis (loosening the dermis) and breaking down the innermost (base) melanin layer. It increases the expression of the skin’s hyaluronic acid and collagen gene. These actions ultimately treat acne and scars from within. This acid is well tolerated and has shown visible improvement to the skin. As a precaution, it is also included in many daily facial cleansers, serums or spot treatment creams. More often you will see this name mentioned on the removable masks used in clinics.

Salicylic acid is one of the best exfoliants for treating acne scars. It is a beta-hydroxy acid agent that removes intercellular lipids that are covalently bound to the indurated or cornified mantle around the keratinized epithelial cells. Thus, it reduces scar tissue damage, redness, acne and removes dirt from the pores to a great extent. The most effective concentration for treating acne scars is 30% in several treatments, 3-5 times every 3-4 weeks. The side effects of salicylic acid peels are mild and short-lived. These include erythema and dryness. Hyperpigmentation or permanent post-inflammatory scarring is extremely rare and is therefore used to treat dark skin.

How To Be Rid Of Acne Scars And Redness

Lactic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid that causes keratinocytes to slow down and subsequently flaky (peel) the cuticle. In layman’s terms, it means the shedding of hard keratinized cells that cause scaling. This occurs from exposure to such AHA and shedding of the outermost layer of dreaded dead cells. This improves skin texture and brightens the face.

All these active ingredients promote cell turnover, making your skin more sensitive to sunburn. Always use a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher when using them. (Minimalist experts advise to always wear sunscreen even if you don’t use these ingredients because they make acne scars worse) They are safe to use at home and should be started at concentrations lower, gradually working to higher skin tolerance. That said, there are other treatments to get rid of those stubborn scars that are physical and require the assurance of a doctor or trained person. These include physical treatments such as dermabrasion, fillers, fractional CO2, laser, skin grafting and piercing techniques. Such methods are used to treat very stubborn or hypertrophic scars. The treatment may or may not provide a completely satisfactory appearance, but it will cure the ailments to a great extent. Hyaluronic acid and retinoid fillers are very popular due to their claims of rapid scar repair, but research on this matter has little evidence to support such claims. Undoubtedly, they treat acne very effectively. Always consult a dermatologist before trying physical treatments or fillers, as although they may show results at first, they are usually short-lived as they do not treat the underlying cause.

We all know that the main measure to keep scars and marks at bay is to prevent or treat acne in the first place. Here’s how to do it…

There are many synthetic and natural products on the market. Always do a patch test on less sensitive areas such as hands or neck before trying to use it on your face. Also, as the Chinese proverb says, “Knowing your enemies is half the battle,” so figure out your problem before choosing ingredients. While there are no quick fixes for deep-rooted issues, always be careful and be patient as your skin heals on its own. Everyone has probably dealt with acne at some point in their life. Acne is persistent and difficult

What Are The Treatments I Can Go Through For Oily Skin, Large Pores, Acne Scars, And Small Bumps On The Face? (photo)

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