How To Get Rid Of Beard Bumps – Razor bumps are also known as pseudofolliculitis barbae or “razor rash.” Razor bumps are a common chronic foreign body inflammatory reaction surrounding ingrown facial hair caused by shaving. Razor bumps can also appear anywhere on the body where hair is shaved or plucked, including the armpits, bikini area, pubic area, and legs. Razor bumps are associated with improper shaving practices. Razor bumps can also occur in skin folds and scars. Razor blisters mostly occur in people with curly hair, because curly hair means that the sharp, pointy tip of a freshly shaved hair sticks out of the skin and re-enters the skin, causing an inflammatory foreign body reaction (causing a small, tender blister ). Razor bumps are not infected (if the pimple becomes infected, it’s called folliculitis barbae), but they are irritated. “Close shaving” increases the risk of razor bumps, so if you are prone to this condition, you should minimize the frequency of shaving and avoid shaving at all. Allowing razor bumps to go untreated can lead to scarring, which is difficult to treat. Treatment for razor bumps involves allowing the inflammation to go away, which may mean simply not shaving for a while to let the bumps go away. Your doctor may also prescribe an ointment to help with inflammation.
Razor bumps are aptly called pseudofolliculitis barbae when they affect the beard area, which is perhaps the most common area to be affected. Razor bumps are more common in men and people with tight, curly hair of dark pigments. The prevalence of razor bumps (pseudofolliculitis) is higher in men of African descent than in Caucasian men. However, razor bumps (pseudofolliculitis) can also occur in women and in other unshaven areas such as the neck, pubic area and armpits.
How To Get Rid Of Beard Bumps
Recent studies have confirmed a genetic predisposition to razor bumps (pseudofolliculitis) in African populations. A single nucleotide substitution in hair follicle sheath-specific keratin (K6hf) has been shown to increase the risk of razor bumps (pseudofolliculitis).
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While folliculitis represents an infection of the hair follicle, pseudofolliculitis results from inflammation secondary to trauma. Interestingly, this injury is caused by the hair itself. When you shave thick, curly hair, it’s cut at an oblique angle that allows the sharp tip to penetrate the skin as it curls. This re-entry of the hair into the skin causes significant inflammation. Close shaves are particularly problematic because they leave a sharp point under the surface of the skin that is ready for re-entry.
Razor bumps (pseudofolliculitis) appear as red bumps on the beard (or other shaved area) that are often painful and/or itchy. Sometimes pimples or deep boils appear. These red bumps eventually become dark and firm as they heal, often appearing much darker than the surrounding skin. Some people develop abnormally large scars or keloids. Unfortunately, in chronic or untreated cases, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can be difficult to treat and the development of scars/keloids is permanent.
Although absolute abstinence from shaving can be avoided (eventually and with great care), it is very important to at least temporarily stop shaving to allow healing. The elimination of active inflammation can take from several months to a year (in very severe diseases), so patience is required. Continuing to shave on inflamed skin can cause permanent scarring or keloids to develop, as well as permanent changes in the hair. An alternative to shaving during this time is to use an electric clipper or scissors, leaving at least ½ cm of hair at all times.
Medical evaluation should be sought during periods of acute inflammation. Depending on the degree of inflammation, oral antibiotics, topical corticosteroids, or even oral corticosteroids may be necessary.
How To Get Rid Of Razor Bumps: Prevention & Treatment Tips
There are a number of options for treating this condition. Tretinoins, alpha-hydroxy acids, and benzoyl peroxide work well for mild to moderate disease by exfoliating the affected areas and removing excess skin. A bleaching agent such as hydroxyquinone may be helpful in improving the appearance of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Some patients opt for hair removal (with creams or laser) to reduce the density of the hair and thus reduce the risk of ingrown hairs.
Once the acute inflammation has subsided and all ingrown hairs are gone, shaving can be done for those who cannot avoid shaving forever. This will likely lead to further injury, but the following steps can help minimize this risk:
Although razor bumps can be quite annoying, there are a number of preventative measures that can be taken to improve their appearance. Also, there are many treatment options that should be chosen with the help of a skin specialist who can discuss the risks and benefits associated with them.
Razor bumps (pseudofolliculitis) are caused by shaving, especially shaving, because the cut hair can be pulled under the surface of the skin.
Ways To Treat Razor Bumps
Hair grows in tubes in the skin called ‘follicles’. When shaving, the tip of the hair stays sharp. As the curly hair grows, this sharp tip can come back and re-enter the skin, causing an inflammatory foreign body reaction. The medical term for this cause of baldness is “extrafollicular penetration.”
When shaving, shaving too close to the skin can also cause razor bumps, which causes the whiskers to cut below the surface of the skin. This allows the hair to penetrate the follicle side instead of taking the normal route to reach the surface of the skin. This can happen more often with curly hair. The medical term for this cause of shaving is “transfollicular penetration”.
Razor bumps are not infected (if the pimple becomes infected, it’s called folliculitis barbae), but they are irritated.
Damaged follicles are highly susceptible to infection, causing folliculitis barbae. Folliculitis barbae is a type of folliculitis that affects the beard area due to infection with the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. It occurs in men who shave and men who do not shave. Deep folliculitis barbae is called sycosis barbae and results in scarring and areas of permanent hair loss.
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After shaving, you may experience a pimple breakout in the shaved area, usually on the face and neck for men or the bikini area for women.
To prevent razor bumps from recurring, follow a proper long-term shaving regimen and consider waxing. Methods may include:
Any tearing must be stopped. The tip of the hair can be pierced, releasing the hair. Laser hair removal can be a permanent solution to problem areas.
Growing hair is healing. Even short hair is great. If this is not possible, several tips may allow for a relatively close shave.
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Laser hair removal can be helpful. For patients with darker skin, longer pulse lasers (eg, 1064 nm or 810 nm) can be used.
If there are inflammatory papules or pustules, topical benzoyl peroxide or a combination of benzoyl peroxide with a clindamycin product may be recommended. A topical retinoid every night before bed can be helpful, especially if there is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
In one study, eflornithine 12% topical twice daily for 16 weeks was shown to work synergistically with laser hair removal. There’s nothing like a close shave to keep you looking even. But sometimes your razor’s work can backfire, leaving you with painful, unsightly red bumps that make you look like you’ve hit acne-fueled puberty again.
These are called ingrown hairs and are very common, especially among young men who have to shave every day for work, says Bruce A. University of Pennsylvania. Sometimes dermatologists even have to come up with medical excuses so guys have a legitimate excuse to avoid shaving, he says.
Steps I Personally Do To Treat And Prevent Razor Bumps.
But why does ingrown hair become a problem? Here’s everything you need to know about why they often appear, how to get rid of them, and what you can do to prevent them so you can finally have smooth skin.
While ingrown hairs may look a lot like pimples, they’re actually “foreign body reactions” that happen when something goes wrong in your hair follicle, Dr. Broad explains.
“If the hair is cut too short, instead of coming out of the skin and growing out of the skin normally, the hair takes a turn and grows into the skin,” says Dr. Broad. “It looks like the hair is acting like a little splinter.”
Your body sees that trapped hair as a foreign invader, so it sends out white blood cells to fight it. This is where inflammation begins, causing a painful, tender, red bump.
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While any guy can get ingrown hairs, those with thicker, curlier strands are especially prone to them, he says. And you can blame your razor for the collision, especially if it has more than one blade.
“You shave the hair so close that it cuts the hair under the surface of the skin, and that’s where it has the opportunity, if it’s a little curly, to not be able to come out of the skin and grow inside. ,” explains Dr. Broad.
This is why ingrown hairs often form in the beard area and under you
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