How To Know If Your Having Kidney Problems – Proteinuria is a high level of protein in the urine. Causes can include benign conditions, including dehydration or vigorous exercise, or more serious conditions, including kidney disease or autoimmune disorders. Tests can confirm the protein, and a treatment plan can help you manage it.
Proteinuria (pro-tee-nyur-ee-uh) is high levels of protein in the urine (urine). This condition can be a sign of kidney damage.
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Proteins should be in your blood. If proteins enter the urine, they eventually leave your body, which can harm your overall health.
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Yes, protein in your urine is dangerous. Proteinuria can increase the risk of death from heart disease and heart disease.
Sometimes, proteinuria is an early sign of chronic kidney disease (CKD), even though you can have CKD and have a normal level of protein in your urine. CKD is the gradual loss of kidney function, which may eventually require kidney replacement therapy, dialysis, or a kidney transplant. Diabetes and hypertension can damage your kidneys. They are the two most common causes of kidney disease.
Glomeruli (glo-mare-yoo-lye) are clusters of tiny blood vessels in your kidneys. They perform the first step in filtering waste products and excess water from your blood. Waste products and excess water leave your body in urine. Glomeruli do not allow large proteins or blood cells to pass into your urine. If small proteins are absorbed into your glomeruli, then the long thin tubes of your kidneys (tubules) return the proteins to your body.
You may not have any symptoms in the early stages of proteinuria. In the early stages of proteinuria, symptoms may include:
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These symptoms are also symptoms of chronic kidney disease. If you have these symptoms – especially foamy urine and swelling – you should contact your doctor immediately.
Vigorous exercise, stress, taking aspirin daily (aspirin therapy) and exposure to cold temperatures can also cause proteinuria.
The normal amount of protein in your urine is less than 150 milligrams per day. If you have more than 150 milligrams of protein in your urine per day, you have proteinuria. The upper limit of normal can vary slightly from lab to lab.
If you have 3 to 3.5 grams of protein in your urine per day, you have nephrotic proteinuria. Nephrotic syndrome is a rare condition that causes your kidneys to release large amounts of protein into the urine.
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No, proteinuria is not contagious. However, you are more likely to have proteinuria if other members of your biological family have it.
Your doctor will use a dipstick test to help diagnose proteinuria. During a dipstick test, you will dip into a special container at your doctor’s office or hospital. Next, your doctor will insert a thin plastic rod coated with a special chemical (dipstick) into the reservoir. If there is too much protein in the urine, the dipstick will change color.
Your doctor will do a urinalysis (urinalysis) on the remaining urine. A urinalysis will examine the physical, chemical and visual components of your urine under a microscope. Your doctor looks for substances in your urine. These substances can include red blood cells, white blood cells, bacteria, and salt or protein crystals that can develop into kidney stones.
If your doctor suspects that you have kidney disease, you will repeat the urine test three times in three months. If your urine test shows protein every time, you may have chronic (long-term) disease. The earlier the diagnosis is made, the greater the chance that your health care providers will diagnose kidney disease and stop its progression.
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If kidney disease is caused by proteinuria, your treatment plan may include medication, dietary changes, and exercise. Your doctor may prescribe blood pressure medication if you have high blood pressure. If your blood pressure is low, you should schedule annual blood pressure and urine tests.
If you have diabetes, you may need to control your blood sugar. You should also get GFR blood tests every year.
Pregnant women with a history of preeclampsia should schedule regular checkups with their doctor. Although preeclampsia is a serious condition, it usually goes away within days or weeks after the baby is born.
If you have proteinuria but do not have diabetes, high blood pressure, or another medical condition, your doctor may prescribe blood pressure medication to prevent kidney damage. It would be a good idea to check your blood pressure and test your urine every six months to make sure you don’t have kidney disease.
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No, drinking lots of water does not cure proteinuria. If you drink a lot of water, you will urinate a lot, so you may lose protein every time you urinate, but it won’t stop your kidneys from producing protein.
The best way to take care of yourself is to take the medicine as prescribed by your doctor.
You cannot prevent proteinuria. However, you can control it. Many conditions that cause proteinuria can be treated with medications and lifestyle changes.
Without treatment, proteinuria can lead to death. Studies show that people with no protein live longer than people with severe or even mild protein deficiency.
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Orthostatic proteinuria (Postural proteinuria) is a condition in which there is a large amount of protein in your urine when you urinate while standing, but the amount of protein in the urine is normal when you urinate while lying on your back (lying on your back).
Transient proteinuria is temporary. Common causes include vigorous exercise, stress, fever, and prolonged cold temperatures. Transient proteinuria usually resolves on its own.
Proteinuria is a high level of protein in the urine. If you have proteinuria, you may need to urinate more often, and your urine may be frothy or frothy. You may feel general discomfort, including nausea, vomiting, fatigue and bloating. If you have any of these symptoms for more than a few days, it would be a good idea to see your doctor. They can help diagnose the condition that is causing the proteinuria and prescribe medication to keep your kidneys healthy.
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse products or services outside of Cleveland Clinic. Policy Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term condition in which the kidneys work worse than they should. This page provides information about chronic kidney disease, its treatment and what to expect.
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are not working as well as they should. They cannot remove waste from your body. Damage to the kidney’s filtering system can also allow blood and protein to leak into the urine. This is not always apparent, but it can be found through a urine test.
The word “chronic” means a condition that has been going on for a long time. This does not mean that your kidney damage is serious as most cases of chronic kidney disease are mild and can be managed with the help of a GP without hospitalisation.
Most people are diagnosed with blood and urine tests. You may have these tests as part of a routine check-up or because you are at risk of developing chronic kidney disease.
Once diagnosed, your doctor will determine the stage of CKD you have. This is done by measuring the amount of creatinine, a waste product that accumulates in kidney disease. Your doctors can use this to assess how well your kidneys are working. You may hear this referred to as your estimated glomerular filtration rate (e-GFR). It is based on how quickly your kidneys clean the blood and is measured in milliliters per minute
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Most people with CKD stages one to three can manage the condition themselves with their GP and do not need specialist advice from a nephrologist.
CKD can get progressively worse over time, although in most people it remains stable and only a very small number of people will need kidney replacement therapy such as dialysis. It is unusual for kidney function to improve significantly after kidney damage, but this depends on the cause of the problem.
That. Around 10% of the UK population has CKD. For people over the age of 80, this increases to 20%. Usually this is mild and doesn’t have to be serious. Most patients with chronic kidney disease have no symptoms and do not need professional help.
Anyone can get CKD. It can affect children and adults of all ages. Some people are born with it, and some develop it as they get older. It can run in some families and is more common in people of Asian or African descent.
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Your doctor will try to find out what caused your CKD. For most people, your GP will take care of you, but some people will need to see a nephrologist for further tests. It is not always possible to know what caused the damage.
Most people have no symptoms associated with CKD. Even when your kidneys are damaged, they can still work well enough to prevent symptoms. You can be born with one kidney and be healthy.
You can still produce a normal amount of urine, even if
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