What Does Throat Cancer Look Like Photos

What Does Throat Cancer Look Like Photos – Medically Reviewed by Teresa Hagan Thomas PHD, BA, RN – By Brenda McBean – Updated January 11, 2022

Throat cancer occurs when cells grow out of control in parts of the throat. Treatment is possible, but the prognosis will depend on where the cancer starts and how quickly a person receives a diagnosis.

What Does Throat Cancer Look Like Photos

Throat cancer can affect the larynx (voice box) and the upper or lower part of the pharynx (pharynx). When the cancer spreads, it can grow into nearby tissue. But the name of the cancer will always depend on where it starts.

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(NCI) classifies throat cancer as head and neck cancer. It shares some characteristics with oropharyngeal cancer and oral cancer. It can affect both adults and children.

(ACS) estimated around 12,620 new cases of throat cancer in 2021 and around 3,770 deaths from the disease.

This article will look at some common throat cancer symptoms, types, causes and treatments, and the outlook for someone with a diagnosis.

There are several different types of throat cancer and many places in the throat where cancer can develop. Symptoms and progression will depend on the type and location of the cancer.

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A person with cancer in the lower part of the throat, or hypopharynx, may not have any symptoms in the early stages. This can make it harder to detect.

Other conditions can cause these symptoms. However, if they persist or are severe, a person should ask a doctor to check them to rule out a serious illness.

There are many parts inside the pharynx (the tube that runs from the back of the mouth to the windpipe) and the larynx, the part of the throat that contains the voice box. cancer

Explains that throat cancer often begins as squamous cell carcinoma. This means that the cancer starts in the squamous cells that line the throat. The institute adds that this type of cancer can also start behind the nose or in the mouth.

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Experts don’t know exactly what causes throat cancer, but some factors seem to increase the risk, including:

A doctor will ask the person about the symptoms and perform a physical examination. They may use a laryngoscope, which is a tube with a camera, to evaluate the inside of the throat.

Other imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs, can help your doctor confirm a diagnosis and see how far the cancer has spread.

A doctor may recommend a biopsy. This involves taking a sample of tissue or cells from the neck to test for cancer in a laboratory. A biopsy will also show what type of cancer is present.

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These tests will help the doctor determine the extent of the cancer and the best way to treat it.

The staging gives an idea of ​​how far the cancer has spread. Staging of throat cancer will depend on the type.

Once a doctor knows the stage and grade of the cancer, he or she will talk to the person about their treatment options.

Doctors often prescribe a combination of therapies. Some treatments, such as radiation and chemotherapy, can cause unwanted side effects. However, most of these go away after the end of treatment.

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People with throat cancer should ask their doctor what to expect and how to manage side effects if they occur.

. This can provide access to new treatments that may not yet be widely available. A clinical trial can only happen if experts have strong evidence that a treatment is likely to be safe. A person should talk to their doctor or care team about opportunities to participate in a clinical trial.

Treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy can cause severe fatigue. Some tips that can help a person manage their energy levels include:

Inflammation from radiotherapy can make breathing difficult. The UK’s National Health Service (NHS) also notes that surgical procedures, such as removing all or part of the larynx, can cause breathing difficulties as the area heals.

Throat Cancer Stock Illustration 307966382

Some surgeries for throat cancer can cause a person to lose their natural voice. Doctors will discuss a person’s options for regaining speech, including voice prostheses.

Depending on the type and extent of throat cancer, a person may need extensive surgery on the throat, tongue, jaw and other structures. Reconstructive surgery can restore the appearance and function of these structures, but there is a risk of complications.

They need rehabilitation to help them speak and swallow. A cancer care team may include speech and occupational therapists who will work with a person to help improve or regain skills that surgery may have affected.

Doctors will work with a person to find the right surgical option and what to expect after surgery.

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One study found that almost 1 in 5 people who received treatment for head and neck cancer had depression afterwards. The prognosis for these people was worse than for those who did not suffer from depression.

Anyone with ongoing signs of depression, anxiety or other symptoms should talk to their doctor about counseling or available support groups.

After cancer treatment, a person will continue to attend appointments at intervals. The doctor will monitor your progress and check that the cancer has not returned.

It is important to attend all follow-up appointments and ask the doctor about any symptoms that persist. This will help enable early detection and treatment of any recurrence or new cancer.

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The survival rate for throat cancer depends on the stage of the cancer, the type and where it occurs. Experts use previous statistics to calculate a 5-year relative survival rate, which is an estimate of how likely a person is to live at least 5 more years after a cancer diagnosis.

(ACS) provides relative 5-year survival rates based on information from the SEER database, which is maintained by the NCI. Evaluating all SEER stages combined, the ACS provides these 5-year relative survival rates for people diagnosed with throat cancer between 2010 and 2016:

It is important to note that these estimates do not indicate a person’s individual perspective. Researchers may also have developed new treatments since the studies collected this data. A person’s doctor will assess their specific vision in the context of their diagnosis, medical history and treatment plan.

There are different types of throat cancer and they have different outlooks. In most cases, an early diagnosis will mean a better chance of effective treatment.

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Symptoms include a sore throat or persistent cough, difficulty swallowing and voice changes. These can also be symptoms of other conditions, so a person should talk to a doctor to get an accurate diagnosis.

There are treatments available, but they can cause difficult side effects. A person should talk to their doctor to help manage side effects and maintain quality of life.

Medical News Today has strict sourcing guidelines and relies only on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions and medical journals and associations. We avoid using third-party references. We link to primary sources (including studies, scientific references and statistics) in each article and also display them in the resources section at the bottom of our articles. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and up-to-date by reading our editorial guidelines. Throat cancer is the general term for cancer that affects one or more parts of your throat. People who get throat cancer usually have cancer of the larynx (voice box) or oropharynx (the middle part of the throat). Healthcare providers usually use surgery to treat throat cancer.

Throat cancer is the general term for cancer that affects one or more parts of the throat. People who get throat cancer usually have cancer of the larynx (voice box) or oropharynx (the middle part of the throat). Healthcare providers usually use surgery to treat throat cancer. The specific operation depends on the type of throat cancer, its location and whether it has spread.

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There are several types of throat cancer. The two most common types of throat cancer are laryngeal cancer and oropharyngeal cancer. Laryngeal cancer affects the larynx (voice box). Oropharyngeal cancer affects the middle part of the throat. By 2022, it was expected that around 54,000 people would be diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer and around 12,000 people with laryngeal cancer. (By comparison, approximately 290,560 women and men were expected to be diagnosed with breast cancer.) Here’s more information about these two common types of throat cancer:

Throat cancer includes several types of cancer that can affect different parts of the throat in different ways. Some of the common symptoms of throat cancer include:

Having these symptoms does not mean you have throat cancer. Many times these symptoms are signs of other, less serious conditions. If you have a symptom that lasts two weeks or more, talk to your healthcare provider so they can find out what’s causing it.

Healthcare professionals are your best source of information about throat cancer. This is because many symptoms of throat cancer are similar to other less serious conditions. That said, hoarseness that doesn’t go away within two weeks can be an early symptom of throat cancer. Other common symptoms of throat cancer are a sore throat or difficulty swallowing food that lasts for two weeks or more.

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Throat cancer occurs when something causes changes in the genetic makeup

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