What Happens If Sugar Level Is High In Pregnancy – Blood sugar is an often overlooked part of your health. When it is out of balance for a long time, it can develop into diabetes.
Your body’s ability to produce or use insulin, a hormone that allows Your body to convert glucose (sugar) into energy.
What Happens If Sugar Level Is High In Pregnancy
Diabetes can be effectively managed when detected early. However, when left untreated, it can lead to complications that may include:
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Normally after you eat or drink, your body breaks down the sugars from your food and uses them for energy in your cells.
To do this, the pancreas must produce a hormone called insulin. Insulin is a facilitator in the process of pulling sugar out of the blood and into the cells for use, or energy.
If you have diabetes, your gallbladder produces too little or no insulin. insulin cannot be used effectively.
This causes blood sugar levels to rise while giving the rest of the cells much needed energy. This can lead to a variety of problems that affect almost every major body system.
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Type 1, also called childhood diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a disorder of the immune system. Your own immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in the stomach, destroying the body’s ability to make insulin. With type 1 diabetes, you must take insulin to live. Most people receive their type 1 diagnosis as children or teenagers.
Type 2 is associated with insulin resistance. It used to occur in the elderly population, but now a much younger population has type 2 diabetes. This is the result of certain lifestyle, diet and exercise habits.
With type 2 diabetes, your gallbladder stops using insulin effectively. This causes problems with the ability to pull sugar from the blood and take it into the cells for energy. Eventually, this can lead to the need for insulin.
You can manage effectively in the previous period such as prediabetes with a balanced diet, Exercise and closely monitor blood pressure. This can also prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.
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Diabetes can be controlled. In some cases, it can go into remission if necessary lifestyle changes.
Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy. Most of the time, you can manage diabetes during pregnancy through diet and exercise. It usually disappears after childbirth.
Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy. It can also increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life for birth parents and children.
If your pancreas produces little or no insulin—or if your body can’t use it—other hormones are used to turn fat into energy. This can create high levels of toxic chemicals, including acids and ketone bodies, which can lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis.
Hyperglycemia: Signs, Symptoms, And Complications
Your breath smells caused by high blood ketone levels. High blood sugar and excess ketones in your urine can confirm diabetic ketoacidosis. If left untreated, this condition can lead to unconsciousness or even death.
Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) occurs in type 2 diabetes. This means that blood sugar levels are very high but there are no ketones.
You can become dehydrated with this condition. You may lose consciousness. HHS is most common in people with undiagnosed diabetes, or those who cannot manage their diabetes well. It can also be caused by a heart attack, stroke or infection.
High blood sugar levels can cause gastroparesis. This is when it is difficult for the stomach to empty itself completely. This delay can cause blood sugar levels to rise. Therefore, you may experience:
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Diabetes can also damage your kidneys and affect your ability to filter waste products from your blood. If your doctor detects microalbuminuria, or a high amount of protein in your urine, it may be a sign that your kidneys are not working properly.
Kidney disease associated with diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy. This condition does not show symptoms until later.
If you have diabetes, your doctor will evaluate you for nephropathy to prevent irreversible kidney damage or kidney failure.
When you have high blood sugar, this can contribute to the formation of fat in the walls of blood vessels. Over time, it can restrict blood flow and increase the risk of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries.
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, diabetes doubles the risk of heart disease and stroke. In addition to monitoring and controlling your blood sugar, eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly can help reduce your risk of high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
If you smoke, consider quitting if you are at risk of developing diabetes. Smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular problems and restricts blood flow. Your doctor can help you create an end-of-life plan.
The lack of blood flow can eventually affect your hands and feet and cause pain when you walk. This is called intermittent claudication.
Narrowed blood vessels in your legs and feet can also cause problems in these areas. For example, your feet may feel cold, or you may not be able to feel heat due to a lack of sensation.
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This condition is called peripheral neuropathy, which is a type of diabetic neuropathy that causes decreased sensation in the extremities. It is especially dangerous because it can prevent you from noticing an injury or infection.
Diabetes also increases the risk of infection or ulcers in the feet. Poor blood circulation and nerve damage increase the likelihood of an amputated foot or leg.
If you have diabetes, it’s important to take care of your feet and check them often.
Diabetes can also affect your skin, the largest organ in your body. Along with dehydration, your body’s lack of moisture due to high blood sugar can cause the skin on your feet to dry out and crack.
Everyday Things That Spike Blood Sugar
It is important that you dry your feet completely after showering or swimming. You can use petroleum jelly or a light cream, but avoid getting these areas too wet.
Moist, warm skin is more susceptible to yeast, bacterial or fungal infections. These tend to develop in the following areas:
High pressure points under the feet can lead to calluses. These can become infected or develop ulcers. If you have a wound, see a doctor right away to reduce the risk of losing your foot.
Diabetes causes diabetic neuropathy, or nerve damage. This can affect your perception of heat, cold and pain. It can also make you more susceptible to injury.
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The chances of you not noticing these injuries and allowing them to develop into serious infections or conditions increase.
Diabetes can also lead to swollen, leaky blood vessels in the eye, called diabetic retinopathy. This can damage your vision. It can cause blindness. Symptoms of eye problems can be mild at first, so it is necessary to see an eye doctor regularly.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause gestational diabetes and thereby increase the risk of high blood pressure. There are two types of high blood pressure to watch out for during pregnancy: preeclampsia and eclampsia.
In most cases, gestational diabetes is easily managed, and blood sugar levels return to normal after delivery. Symptoms are similar to other types of diabetes, but can also include recurring infections that affect the vagina and bladder.
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If you have diabetes during pregnancy, your baby may have a higher birth weight. This can make delivery very complicated. You are still at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes years after your baby is born.
It can also be helpful to connect with others who understand what you are going through. Our free app, T2D, connects you with real people living with type 2 diabetes. Ask questions, give advice and build relationships with people who have it. Download the app for iPhone or Android.
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Our experts monitor the field of health and wellness constantly, and we update our articles as new information becomes available. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) autoimmune disease that prevents your pancreas from making insulin. It requires daily management with insulin injections and monitoring of blood sugar levels. Both children and adults can be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.
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The symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually start mild and gradually get worse or worse, which can happen over days, weeks, or months. Contact your health care provider as soon as possible if you or your child experiences these symptoms.
Insulin is an important hormone that controls the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. Under normal circumstances, insulin works in the following steps:
If you don’t have enough insulin, too much sugar builds up in your blood, causing hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), and your body can’t use the food you eat for energy. This can lead to serious health problems or even death if left untreated. People with type 1 diabetes need synthetic insulin every day to live and be healthy.
While type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are both forms of diabetes mellitus (as opposed to diabetes insipidus) which.
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