What Happens If Your Platelets Are Low

What Happens If Your Platelets Are Low – Platelets are an important part of blood. Small, sticky, colorless, plate-shaped cells that help clot blood and prevent the body from losing too much blood (x). However, sometimes the number of platelets in the blood can decrease due to genetic conditions, viral diseases or severe infections. Thrombocytopenia is a disorder in which the number of platelets in the body is lower than normal.

The bone marrow produces platelets along with other blood components (white blood cells, red blood cells, and plasma). Platelets travel through blood vessels and clot together after injury to blood vessels, causing bleeding (x). With insufficient platelets in the blood, patients can experience light or heavy uncontrollable bleeding, both external and internal.

What Happens If Your Platelets Are Low

The normal platelet count in a healthy adult is between 150,000 and 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. A value of less than 150,000 platelets per microliter is considered low. However, until the patient’s platelet count falls below 10,000 to 20,000 platelets per microliter, there is usually no risk of severe bleeding. If it drops below 50,000, he may experience light bleeding (x). There are a number of factors that can cause thrombocytopenia, and the condition may last only a few days, or it can last for years, depending on the cause and severity.

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The main symptom of thrombocytopenia is mild to heavy bleeding, either internally or externally. Mild cases are usually asymptomatic and patients usually discover them during routine blood tests. But in more serious cases, heavy bleeding can occur in any part of the body.

Usually, external bleeding is the first sign of thrombocytopenia, which can cause purple or red petechiae on the skin. Patients may also see purple, brown and red bruises. Easy bruising from minor trauma can be a sign of a bleeding problem. Patients with low platelet counts may experience excessive bleeding from the mouth after brushing teeth or dental work, frequent nosebleeds, abnormal vaginal bleeding, abnormal menstruation, bleeding gums, or prolonged bleeding from cuts and minor wounds (x) .

Internal bleeding can be very serious. Thrombocytopenia can cause excessive bleeding into the gut or brain in patients. Symptoms of internal bleeding include rectal bleeding, bloody stools, and blood in the urine. If the patient has neurological symptoms such as headache, this indicates a brain hemorrhage. Nerve damage caused by internal bleeding is rare, but it is still important to consult a doctor (x).

Patients can inherit genes that increase the risk of thrombocytopenia, or get it from other factors. In some cases, the case may be idiopathic. But usually, the number of platelets in the body decreases for three general reasons. First, the bone marrow cannot make enough platelets. However, in other cases, the bone marrow can make enough platelets, but other factors destroy or use them. In other cases, the spleen retains too many platelets, preventing circulation. Patients may also suffer from a combination of these factors. Each common cause has several contributing factors.

Selected Remedies To Increase Platelet Count

Platelets are made from stem cells in the bone marrow. There are several factors that can damage these stem cells and prevent them from developing into healthy cells. Example (x):

If the bone marrow produces enough platelets, the body can destroy or use more and produce fewer platelets. For example, anticoagulants are blood thinners that prevent blood clotting (x). Other drugs can cause reactions in the body that destroy platelets. Other conditions that can cause the body to damage, destroy or use platelets (x):

In addition, there are rare but severe conditions that cause the body to use excess platelets when blood clots form, including thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). TTP causes blood clots in small vessels, and DIC can be a complication of pregnancy, infection, or severe injury. Blood clots suddenly become too much and platelets (x) are used more.

Some disorders can cause an enlarged spleen. Under normal circumstances, the spleen stores up to one-third of the body’s platelets. However, an enlarged spleen retains many platelets that cannot circulate properly through the blood. Patients may have an enlarged spleen due to cirrhosis, cancer, or a condition that causes scarring in the bone marrow so that it cannot make blood cells properly (x).

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There are several options that doctors can use to normalize low platelet counts, but the treatment options depend on the cause of the disease and how severe it is. Mild thrombocytopenia usually does not require treatment. If thrombocytopenia is the result of a drug interaction, the doctor may adjust the dose or prescribe a different drug. Some patients may have a weakened immune system, which can cause the platelet count to drop. In this case, they may benefit from immunosuppressive drugs. However, severe cases with very low platelet counts require more aggressive treatment (x).

Your doctor may prescribe oral or intravenous medications to increase your platelet count. For example, corticosteroids prevent the body from destroying platelets, intravenous immunoglobulin can suppress the immune system, and drugs such as romiplostim help the bone marrow make more platelets (x).

If the patient has active bleeding or is at risk of bleeding, the doctor may give a blood or platelet transfusion. First, the surgeon inserts an IV line into the vein, which then gives the patient donated blood with a healthy platelet count (x).

If medications fail, the patient may need a splenectomy to surgically remove the spleen. Often, only adults with immune thrombocytopenia require splenectomy (x).

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In addition to medical treatment, patients can find relief by choosing healthy foods. In particular, there are certain vitamins and nutrients that are associated with bleeding problems. For example, studies have shown that vitamin K deficiency can increase a patient’s risk of severe bleeding (x), although this is rare. Some green vegetables like kale, spinach, fennel greens and curry leaves are rich in vitamin K. Brussel sprouts are also high in vitamin K (x, x).

Other research studies have shown that vitamin B12 and vitamin D deficiency can damage the immune system and increase the risk of thrombocytopenia (x). Animal products such as fish, meat, eggs, milk and poultry are good sources of vitamin B12 (x).

In addition to medical treatment and sometimes dietary choices, patients can also incorporate supplements into their health regimen to help manage their platelet count. However, it is not sufficient medical treatment on its own and is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor before taking any supplement.

Papaya fruits are rich in various nutrients including choline, potassium, magnesium and beta-carotene. Research shows that it can reduce the risk of various types of cancer. In addition, it can also protect cancer patients from the negative effects of radiation therapy (x). It also has antioxidants that can boost the immune system and help the body fight infection and disease (x). As a dietary supplement, the recommended dosage for papaya fruit extract powder is 1,000 mg once or twice daily or as directed by a physician.

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Chlorella is a single-celled algae that is rich in protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and antioxidants. Research shows that it can treat anemia because it contains folate, vitamin B12 and iron (x). It helps improve blood circulation in the body and also helps increase cholesterol, oxygen flow and blood sugar. The recommended dosage for blue-green algae chlorella supplements is 3.2 grams up to three times a day. Consult your doctor before taking this supplement.

Melatonin is a natural hormone that helps normalize the body’s internal clock. The pineal gland in the brain produces this hormone, which travels through the bloodstream with signals sent to the body. Most of them are at night and have receptors in the body that recognize them and help them sleep.

Although patients are mainly diagnosed with depression, panic disorder, seasonal affective disorder and anxiety due to its effects on sleep and mood – research shows that there is a relationship between melatonin and the number of platelets. However, medical professionals should conduct further research to determine its effectiveness (x). The recommended dosage for melatonin powder supplements is between 1 and 3 mg per day at bedtime. Consult your doctor before taking melatonin supplements.

Folic acid is a synthetic form of vitamin B9. It is found naturally in foods such as oranges, nuts, beans and black peas. It is 100 percent water soluble and can be beneficial for maintaining healthy immune, digestive and nervous system functions. As a dietary supplement, take 500 to 1,000 micrograms of folic acid powder (vitamin B9) daily. Do not exceed 1,000 micrograms under any circumstances and use an accurate microgram scale to measure the dose. Pregnant patients should consume only 300 to 400 micrograms per day. It may not be safe

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