What Happens When You Take Plan B On Your Period – Emergency contraception (EC) gives people the opportunity to prevent unwanted pregnancy. It can be used after you have had unprotected vaginal sex, have not used birth control correctly, or have been sexually abused.
Most types of EC are less effective than other forms of modern birth control, and they do not prevent sexually transmitted infections. But EC is an important tool when you need it. Depending on where you are in your cycle and the type of EC you choose, it can make you less likely to get pregnant.
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There is much confusion about the use and effectiveness of emergency contraception. If you are someone who may use emergency contraception in the future, tracking your cycle can help you make an informed decision about which emergency contraception to choose.
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Emergency contraception should be used as soon as possible after unprotected sex, to help prevent pregnancy. Its effectiveness depends on when you ovulate.
The average cycle is 28 days long, and the average day of ovulation is day 14. You usually get pregnant during the “biological fertile window,” which is about 6 days – from about 5 days before ovulation, to 24 hours later. The timing of ovulation but the biological fertile window can vary from cycle to cycle and is highly variable even for those who consider their cycle to be “normal” (1, 2).
Progestin pills are most effective if taken between days 9-12 of your cycle (3). Antiprogestin pills are most effective if taken between days 9-14 of your cycle (3). The IUD is effective throughout the cycle (3). These estimates are based on forecast cycles, which are not the same for everyone.
Not sure about the difference between periods and cycles? Read what is the menstrual cycle. How do I know if emergency contraception will work?
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It can take up to six years for someone to first settle into a predictable pattern of timing for their cycle (4, 13). Stress, sleep changes, jet lag, and vigorous exercise can also affect the timing of ovulation, usually delaying it (5-7). Ovulation is also affected by certain medical conditions that affect reproductive hormones such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) (2). Tracking your period and knowing which days you are most at risk for pregnancy can be an effective way to better understand your cycle and when you ovulate.
If you are not sure if you are in the biologically fertile window of your cycle, it may be a good idea to use EC. Both methods may be more effective than none (8). Some people may choose to keep an emergency contraceptive pill (ECP) on hand as a backup in case of an emergency, so they don’t waste time going to the pill if they need it urgently. ECPs can be purchased in advance at many pharmacies, medical clinics and online. Some require a prescription while others do not.
There are two options for emergency contraception in the United States: emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) and intrauterine devices (IUDs).
About half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended (9-11). The popularity of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) such as IUDs has helped reduce this number (13, 14).
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Emergency contraception can prevent unwanted pregnancy before it happens. ECP is not a long term solution for birth control – it is not as effective as other birth control. But knowing the options can help make emergency contraception as effective as possible for you. Understanding your cycle and acting quickly are the most important things you can do to make emergency contraception work for you.
Wisp will deliver Plan B to your home or Ella’s prescription to the pharmacy of your choice.
Using the Clue app to track your period, ovulation date and when you have sex can help you choose the right emergency contraception for you.
Endometriosis is the leading cause of abdominal pain, and painful sex—in up to 1 in 10 women of reproductive age… There are two types of emergency contraception most commonly used: the emergency pill and the copper IUD (1. ). Recent research suggests that some hormonal contraceptives (
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(IUDs such as Mirena and Liletta) may be as effective as copper IUDs as emergency contraception (2).
In this article, we will focus on emergency contraceptives, which are also called emergency contraceptives or morning-after pills – we will use these terms interchangeably. In some cases, combined oral contraceptives (“pills”) can also be used as emergency contraception.
Studying the effectiveness of morning-after pills can be difficult, because it is difficult to know when people ovulate, when they have sex, and on what day of their cycle (3, 4). According to scientific data, single-dose emergency contraception is effective in preventing pregnancy about 50-100% of the time (4, 5). The range is so wide because people don’t get pregnant every time they have unprotected sex, and there are many different factors that lead to conception.
In the United States, only emergency contraception can be purchased at a pharmacy without a prescription by people of all ages (1). You should take it as soon as possible after unprotected sex, but it is most effective if taken within 72 hours (1). You can eat up to five days after sex. If you take it between three and five days, it may not be effective, but it is still worth taking (1).
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It works by delaying the release of an egg from the ovary (ovulation), which prevents sperm from fertilizing it (6).
Antiprogestin emergency contraception is the most effective form of emergency contraception (1) and is available only by prescription in the United States. The pill should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex (7), but you can take it up to five days later (1).
This emergency contraceptive pill changes the way progesterone works in your body (1). It works by preventing or slowing ovulation (1). When ovulation is delayed or prevented, there is no egg for sperm, and pregnancy is prevented.
Emergency contraception can effectively prevent pregnancy, but sometimes people still get pregnant after taking it. Here are three main reasons why this happened.
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Emergency contraception is about timing. It is recommended that you take the pill as soon as possible—if you wait too long, you may miss the window in which the pill is effective.
If you take it right after sex, it can prevent you from ovulating if you haven’t started yet (1). If you have sex when you ovulate or after you ovulate, your emergency contraceptive pill will not work (8).
If you have unprotected sex again after taking the same pill, it may not work (8). If you have sex, use a barrier like a condom.
Health care providers use the body mass index (BMI) scale to group people into general categories based on height and weight (9).
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(Remember that while BMI is often used as a screening tool, a high BMI does not mean someone is unhealthy.)
Current studies show that emergency contraception is less effective for people with a BMI of 30 or more (8, 10).
People with a BMI of 30 or more who take emergency contraception can get pregnant more often than people with a BMI of 25 or less (8, 10). This does not mean that you should not take emergency contraception if your BMI is 30 or more.
BMI does not take into account a person’s age, sex assigned at birth, muscle mass or other health factors such as diet or exercise. It also does not distinguish between lean body mass and fat mass, meaning that people with low body fat, such as athletes, may have a high BMI (11).
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If you have a BMI of 25 or higher, you may want to call your healthcare provider for a prescription for an antiprogestin emergency contraceptive pill (8). It may prevent pregnancy better for your body type (8). If you have a BMI of 30 or more, you may want to discuss options with your health care provider, including the IUD, for emergency contraception (1, 8). If you don’t have access to a healthcare provider, over-the-counter progestin emergency contraception is better than nothing.
If you are considering an IUD as emergency contraception, a healthcare provider must insert it within 5 days after you have had unprotected sex (1). You should call your health care provider or the nearest Planned Parenthood health center right away if you need emergency contraception. It may be difficult to get an appointment to have an IUD inserted at short notice, so call as soon as possible.
If you can’t schedule an IUD insertion within 5 days of unprotected sex, take the morning-after pill as soon as possible. Remember that to prevent pregnancy, taking the morning-after pill is better than nothing (10).
Some medications and herbal products may be less effective than emergency contraception (7, 12). See the table below.
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Do not stop taking as prescribed by any doctor
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