What To Do If I Have Sunburn

What To Do If I Have Sunburn – Getting a little extra sun on your beach vacation? These treatments, from hydration to cooling compresses, will help survive the rest of your trip.

If you don’t reapply your SPF throughout the day, you put yourself at greater risk of a painful sunburn. Marjan Apostolovic / Getty Images

What To Do If I Have Sunburn

You’ve been looking forward to your tropical beach vacation for months. You are enduring the stress of travel made worse by the pandemic. When you arrive, you go straight to the beach to relax in the sun. You’re enjoying every minute of it and think you’re going to follow all the right sun protection tips, but reality confronts you in the mirror of your hotel room later that day: You’ve got a sunburn.

Quick At Home Sunburn Treatments

As frustrating and even embarrassing as it can be, sunburns do happen. According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, more than 1 in every 3 Americans report sunburn each year.

Good News? It’s easy to learn how to treat your sunburn and it won’t ruin the rest of your vacation.

A sunburn is an inflammatory reaction to ultraviolet (UV) radiation damage to the outermost layer of the skin, explains the Skin Cancer Foundation. This happens when your skin is exposed to too much UV radiation without proper protection from sunscreen and clothing, adds the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD).

You probably already know that the best way to keep your skin young and healthy is to stay out of the sun during its peak hours (10am to 4pm) and wear a shield and protective clothing when you go out, as recommended by the Skin Cancer Foundation. So how do you feel about the burn?

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The most common reason patients get sunburned is that they forget to reapply sunscreen or they wait too long to reapply, says Allison Arthur, MD, a board-certified dermatologist at Sand Lake Dermatology Center in Orlando, Florida. “Sunscreen should be applied at least every two hours, or earlier if swimming or sweating a lot,” said Dr. Arthur. Check your sunscreen label carefully, because the effectiveness of the sunscreen can vary from 40 to 80 minutes in those conditions. And don’t forget your ears and the tops of your feet – two areas Arthur says people tend to neglect.

People on tropical beach vacations are at increased risk of sunburn because their destination tends to be closer to the equator, where the sun’s rays are strongest.

Traveling to the beach can also increase your risk of sunburn in the summer because the sand and water reflect the sun back at you, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, which increases your UV load. (So ​​you’re also at risk of sunburn when vacationing in snowy destinations — snow is reflective, too.)

Finally, cloudy skies don’t mean you won’t get burned. Arthur says he often sees sunburn at its worst after a cloudy day: “People don’t see the sun, and they forget that they need protection from the UV rays that penetrate the clouds.”

How Long Does A Sunburn Last—and Is There Any Way To Speed Up Healing?

A sunburn can develop within minutes, but it can take hours to appear, says Marisa Garshick, MD, a board-certified dermatologist with MDCS Dermatology in New York City: “It usually increases 24 to 48 hours after sun exposure. . then it subsides, taking days to weeks to fully recover.”

Unfortunately, there is no shortcut to curing sunburn, but knowing how to treat it can minimize your discomfort, and reacting quickly can get your vacation on the way.

The AAD says the first step in treating sunburn is to get out of the sun (and preferably move indoors for air conditioning). Be sure to cover the burn with light protective clothing or a hat when you go outside, and always seek shade until your eye burn heals.

If the pain and heat of a sunburn make you uncomfortable, taking a quick cool shower or bath or applying cold compresses (such as a wet towel) to the affected area can provide relief, per the AAD . After a short wash, gently pat yourself dry, deliberately leaving your skin slightly damp. (Remember that while you can use ice in a cold compress, you should avoid using it directly on burned skin, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation.)

Fact Or Fiction?: A

Slather on aloe vera gel to soothe your dry skin and help relieve some of your sunburn symptoms, advises the AAD. Your skin is more susceptible to potential irritation now, so stick to smooth, unscented, chemical-free balms, and watch out for neomycin (a common allergen found in Neosporin), warns Arthur: “If people are allergic to this ingredient and apply it to burned skin, it can cause more inflammation, swelling, itching, or discomfort. Avoid “-caine” products, such as benzocaine, which can also cause allergic reactions and irritation, the AAD says.

Take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve), as needed for pain. “By reducing inflammation, pain relievers can help reduce the swelling and redness associated with sunburn,” explains Dr. Garshick.

If you’re out in the sun for long periods of time, it’s easy to overheat and dehydrate — plus, as the AAD notes, sunburn pulls your body’s fluids to the surface of your skin, putting you in higher risk. dehydration. To combat this risk, drink plenty of water and other non-alcoholic fluids to help keep you hydrated. (This Hydration Calculator can provide an estimate of how much water to drink based on individual factors such as age, sex, and activity level.)

A few days after your sunburn, your skin may begin to peel, which is a sign that your body is repairing and getting rid of damaged cells, says the Skin Cancer Foundation. But, they added, don’t peel your own skin; let it come off naturally, and those who know it stop peeling themselves after the sunburn heals. Be gentle with your skin while it heals, and avoid harsh scrubbing agents or loofahs during this time.

Best Sunburn Relief Products, According To Dermatologists

Finally, while this may not immediately cure your sunburn, be kind to yourself. Arthur says people shouldn’t beat themselves up about getting the occasional little sunburn. Instead, he recommends learning from experience: “I think that sunburn is an important wake-up call,” he says. “Focus on trying to figure out what’s wrong with the sunburn, and be more proactive in preventing future sunburns.”

Medically, sunburn is measured in grades, which classify burns by the extent of skin damage, according to the Cleveland Clinic.

First degree burns are the most common, which damage the outer layer of the skin; they usually heal on their own within a few days to a week. If you get sunburned with blisters, you may have a second-degree burn, which damages the skin surface and may take several weeks to heal; may even require medical treatment.

Third-degree sunburn is rare, but the Cleveland Clinic says someone can get this type of burn by sleeping in the sun for hours near the equator, or by taking medications that increase sensitivity. in UV. This sunburn is so severe that it is considered a medical emergency. According to the US Food and Drug Administration, medications that increase the risk of sunburn include antibiotics, antifungals, and cholesterol-lowering medications; Certain topical skin care products, such as alpha-hydroxy acids and retinoids, can also increase the sensitivity of your skin.

How To Treat Sunburn In Kids

Regardless of the degree of your eye burn, Arthur and Garshick advise canceling your plan and seeking immediate medical attention if you have any of the following symptoms:

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Plot twist: Calamine lotion isn’t just for treating flea bites — at least not according to some TikTok influencers. Real skin care pros, dermatologists… Sunburn can hurt you in more ways than one. The danger goes beyond the short-term pain, redness and discomfort, because after the sunburn fades, lasting damage remains.

Sunburn accelerates skin aging and is the main cause of most cases of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer.

Sunburn is bad news, but the good news is that it is preventable. And the best time to start is now.

Sunburn is an inflammatory reaction to ultraviolet (UV) radiation damage to the outermost layer of the skin. At the heart of it all is melanin, the pigment that gives your skin its color and protects it from the sun’s rays. Melanin works by darkening your skin without sun protection. The amount of melanin you produce is determined by genetics, so some people get sunburned while others tan. Both are signs of cellular damage to the skin. For people with less melanin, prolonged unprotected sun exposure can cause redness, inflammation and pain in the skin cells,  also known as sunburn. Sunburns can range from mild to severe.

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After a sunburn, your skin may begin to peel. This is a sign that your body is trying to eliminate itself

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