Who Is The President Of Haiti Now – The first explosions occurred shortly after 1 a.m., shattering the calm in the area where President Jovenel Moïse and many of Haiti’s wealthiest citizens live.
Residents immediately fear two of the horrors that plague the country—gang violence or an earthquake—but by dawn, a very different reality emerges: The president is dead.
Who Is The President Of Haiti Now
A group of criminals attacked the home of Mr. Moïse outside the capital of Port-au-Prince on Wednesday morning, he was shot and his wife Martine Moïse was wounded. ” who speaks Spanish.
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In a nationally televised address, the country’s interim prime minister, Claude Joseph, called for calm and installed himself as the new head of government, announcing that he and his fellow ministers had declared “state of siege” and placed Haiti under siege . a form of martial law.
The killing left a political vacuum that deepened the chaos and violence that has engulfed Haiti for months, threatening one of the world’s most troubled nations with lawlessness.
Haiti’s police chief said Wednesday that while details were unclear about who shot the president and why, four people suspected of involvement in the assassination were killed by police in a gun battle and two others arrested. Chief Léon Charles also said that the three policemen who were captured have been released.
“The police are at war with the attackers,” he said in a press conference, adding that authorities are still chasing some suspects. “We are chasing them so that they die in an armed conflict or die in an armed conflict, or we arrest them.”
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Authorities have not named any of the suspects and have not released any evidence linking them to the murder.
The main street in Petion-Ville was blocked by military personnel on Wednesday. Credit … Valerie Baeriswyl / Agence France-Presse – Getty Images
In recent months, protesters have taken to the streets to call on Mr. Moïse stepped down in February, five years after his election.
Armed gangs control more streets, terrorize poor neighborhoods and put thousands on the run, even kidnapping school children and church guards. Poverty and hunger are on the rise, with many members of the government accused of enriching themselves while not providing even the most basic services to the people.
Assassination Of President Jovenel Moïse Plunges Haiti Further Into Uncertainty
In an interview, Mr. Joseph told The New York Times that he had the country under his belt, but it was unclear how much legitimacy he had, or how long he could hold onto it. A new prime minister is due to replace Mr. Joseph this week – he would have been the sixth to take the post under Mr. Moïse. The chief justice of the country’s highest court, who could have helped establish the order, died of Covid-19 in June.
“We are in total confusion,” said Jacky Lumarque, rector of Quisqueya University, a large private university in Port-au-Prince. “We have two prime ministers. We cannot say which one is more legitimate than the other.”
Claude Joseph, the country’s interim prime minister, said he was now in charge of the government. Credit… Orlando Barria/EPA, via Shutterstock
The Haitian ambassador to the United States, Bochit Edmond, said in a press conference that the assassination of the country’s president was “done by skilled specialists, assassins, commandos.”
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He said the attackers posed as U.S. agents. Drug Enforcement Agency, but they are “fake D.E.A.” and “professional killers.” He said he based his assessment on security camera footage of the attack.
Mr Moïse’s wife survived and is “stable, but in critical condition,” Mr Edmond said. He was flown to Miami for treatment, arriving there Wednesday night.
Military personnel stand guard at the hospital where the first lady was taken after Wednesday’s attack. Credit… Valerie Baeriswyl/Agence France-Presse – Getty Images
President Biden said Wednesday that he was “shocked and saddened” by the killing and shooting of the president’s wife. “We condemn this heinous act,” Mr. Biden said in a statement. Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken spoke with Mr. Joseph and offered his condolences, the State Department said.
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Mr. stayed. Moïse in office, saying he served only four years of a five-year term. In the first year after his election, an interim president took office while the country investigated allegations of fraud. Many Haitians — including constitutional scholars and legal experts — have argued that his five-year term began when he was elected, and has since expired. But the United States and the Organization of American States supported Mr. Moses.
While the United States and other countries have long provided much-needed aid and financial assistance to Haiti, including aid in recovery from the devastating 2010 earthquake, Western powers have also had a major impact on the political destiny of Haiti. country. The United States of America occupied the country from 1915 to 1934, and in the 20th and 21st centuries, a series of coups was supported by Western powers.
France in particular has had a long and difficult relationship with Haiti. More than two centuries ago, Haitians fought to throw off the yoke of colonial France and end one of the most brutal slave colonies, which brought great wealth to France.
What began as a slave rebellion in the early 18th century led to the stunning defeat of Napoleon’s forces in 1803. While many people in Haiti’s professional class studied in France, others possessed anti-French sentiments. The first visit by a French president was until 2010.
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French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said in a statement that he was “surprised” by the killing of Mr. Moïse. “All the light must be given to this crime, which is in a very bad political and security climate,” said Mr. Le Drian. He called on “all actors of Haiti’s political life” to maintain “calm and restraint”.
Inside Haiti, experts warn, the political vacuum left by Mr. Moïse’s killing could fuel a new cycle of violence. As the population tried to assess the situation, the usually crowded streets of the capital remained empty.
Banks and shops are closed; empty college classrooms; There are no machann – or market women – who are usually visible on roadsides selling their wares.
Queues occur when some people try to collect water – which is often bought by the container in poor areas – if it runs out for a long time. Many others gathered at home, calling friends and family to check on their safety and ask for updates. In some middle-class neighborhoods, people gathered on the sidewalks, sharing their fears for the country’s future.
Haitian President Jovenel Moïse Assassinated, His Wife Wounded In
“Things are hard and bad now,” said Jenny Joseph, a university student from the Carrefour neighborhood. “In the next few days, everything will be broken in Haiti.”
According to the declaration of martial law, police and security personnel can enter homes for 15 days, control traffic and take special security measures and “all general measures that allow arrest to murderers”. The resolution also prohibits meetings aimed at inciting conflict.
However, it is not clear whether Mr. Joseph has the authority to do so, or even the authority to run the country after the death of President Moïse. The country has two constitutions, one of which the interim prime minister refuses to accept. The first, published in 1987, said that the country’s most senior judge should step in. However in 2012, this was changed to state that if there is a vacancy in the last year of the president’s term, the parliament must vote for an interim president. .
Unfortunately, the Constitution was changed in one of the country’s official languages, French, but not in the other, Creole. So as it turns out, the country has two constitutions.
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Currently, there is no Haitian Parliament. The government of Mr. Moïse did not hold elections, even after the terms of the entire lower house ended a year ago. Only 10 of Haiti’s 30 senates are currently filled.
After not coming down Mr. Moise in office in February, when many in the opposition saw his term as over, thousands of Haitians took to the streets in massive marches and demanded his resignation. The government responded by arresting 23 people, including a senior judge and a senior police officer, who the president said were trying to kill him and overthrow the government.
Thousands of protesters gathered in the streets of Port-au-Prince in 2019 and called for the resignation of Mr. Moses. Credit… Meridith Kohut for The New York Times
Mr. Moïse relies on a high level of protection, regularly traveling with more than a dozen armored vehicles and police guards. Former Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe said there are usually 100 presidential guard officers around the president’s residence.
Line Of Succession Unclear Following Haiti President Moïse Assassination
It is unclear if any of the suspected killers who were not killed or captured in the shootout with police are still in Haiti. With the country’s airport closed on Wednesday, some people were able to cross the border
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