Who Is The Second President Of America

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Who Is The Second President Of America

Who Is The Second President Of America

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Note. This label only applies to scans and photocopies. For deleted photos of public domain originals, {{PD-Art}} can be used. See When to Use the PD-Art Tag. NARRATOR: John Adams was the first vice president and second president of the United States. He helped lead the fight for American independence and became one of the founding fathers of the new nation.

As a boy growing up outside of colonial Boston, Adams enjoyed the outdoors and often preferred hunting or fishing to school. However, his father pushed him to get an education, and at the age of 15, Adams entered Harvard College.

Who Is The Second President Of America

After graduation, Adams became interested in law. He opened his practice at the age of 23. This decision marked the beginning of his path to becoming president.

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In 1764 Adams married Abigail Smith. She was an intelligent and independent woman who encouraged her husband to support women’s rights, especially the right to education.

Adams’ legal knowledge helped him become a leader in the independence movement. In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, which taxed all publications and legal documents in the American colonies. The settlers were outraged. Adams and other colonial lawyers argued that the tax violated the rights of the colonists because they were not represented in Parliament. “No taxation without representation” became a popular slogan of the time.

Adams was a strong believer in the rule of law. In 1770, he defended British soldiers who killed five colonists in an incident known as the Boston Massacre. Despite growing hostility towards the British government, he pushed for a fair trial. His position made him temporarily unpopular, but at the same time marked him as one of the most principled radicals of the independence movement.

Adams also played a prominent role in the Continental Congress. He appointed George Washington commander-in-chief of the colonial military and selected Thomas Jefferson to draft the Declaration of Independence.

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Adams spent part of the American Revolution as a diplomat in Europe, serving in France and the Netherlands. During a short trip home, he created the Massachusetts Constitution of 1779, which is the world’s oldest written constitution still in use. In France, he worked with Benjamin Franklin to negotiate the Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolution.

In 1789, Adams became the first vice president under George Washington. He found the position rather unimportant and called it “the most unimportant position”.

Political parties were formed during the Washington administration. Adams and Alexander Hamilton formed the Federalist Party, which advocated a strong federal government linked to Britain. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison founded the Republican Party, which emphasized state and local government and an alliance with France. Adams and Jefferson maintained a close friendship during the Revolution, but their different political beliefs made them rivals.

Who Is The Second President Of America

When Washington’s second term ended in 1796, Adams was elected the nation’s second president. He narrowly defeated Jefferson, who became vice president. Sharp antagonism between their political parties strained the Adams administration. In 1800, Jefferson again opposed Adams and won.

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Adams retired from politics. About 10 years later, he approached Jefferson and the two men renewed their friendship by writing 158 letters. They died a few hours after July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. Unaware of his friend’s death, Adams’ last words were, “Thomas Jefferson survives.” John Adams (1735-1826) was the leader of the American Revolution and served as the second President of the United States from 1797 to 1801. Harvard native Adams was born in Massachusetts and began his career as a lawyer. Intelligent, patriotic, opinionated and outspoken, Adams became a critic of British power in colonial America and viewed Britain’s imposition of high taxes and tariffs as a tool of oppression.

He was a delegate to the Continental Congress in the 1770s. In the 1780s, Adams served as a diplomat in Europe and participated in the Treaty of Paris (1783) that formally ended the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). From 1789 to 1797, Adams was America’s first vice president. Then he was for some time the second president of the country. Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) defeated him for another term. His letters to his wife Abigail Adams left a vivid portrait of his time among the Founding Fathers.

He was born in Braintree, Massachusetts (now Quincy) on October 30, 1735, to descendants of Mayflower Pilgrims. John Adams was the eldest of three sons born to John and Susannah Boylston Adams. The elder Adams was a farmer and shoemaker, as well as a Congregational deacon and local government official.

Did you know? In November 1800, John Adams became the first president to remain in the White House. Construction of the Presidential House, designed by Irish architect James Hoban, began in 1792. President Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) officially named it the White House in 1901.

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A strong student, Adams graduated from Harvard College in 1755. He then taught school for several years and studied law with a lawyer in Worcester, Massachusetts. Adams began his legal career in 1758 and eventually became one of Boston’s most famous lawyers.

In 1764 he married Abigail Smith (1744–1818), the daughter of a clergyman from Weymouth, Massachusetts, by whom he had six children, four of whom survived to adulthood: Abigail Amelia Adams, known as “Nabbi”; Charles Adams; Thomas Boylston Adams and future President John Quincy Adams.

Abigail Adams will prove to be her husband’s confidant. Well-read and intellectual of his own, he corresponded regularly with Adams, especially when he was away from Europe for long periods. The surviving letters show that she was a pragmatic thinker and influenced her husband’s career.

Who Is The Second President Of America

In the 1760s, Adams challenged British authority in colonial America. He viewed the imposition of high taxes and duties by the British as a means of oppression and no longer believed that the British government had the interests of the colonists in mind. He was a critic of the Stamp Act of 1765, under which the British taxed legal papers, newspapers, and playing cards in the North American colonies. Adams also opposed the Townshend Acts of 1767, which imposed tariffs on goods such as paper, glass, and tea imported into America.

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Despite objecting to what he saw as unfair taxation by the British, Adams, a man of principle, represented British soldiers charged with murder during the Boston Massacre in March 1770. Adams wanted to ensure that soldiers accused of shooting at an unruly crowd of civilians in Boston, after killing five, received a fair trial.

In 1774, Adams attended the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia as a delegate from Massachusetts. (The Continental Congress served as the government of the 13 American colonies and then the United States from 1774 to 1789.) In 1775, as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress, Adams appointed George Washington (1732–1799) as commander. colonial forces in the American Revolutionary War (1775-83), which had just begun. As a Congressional delegate, Adams later appointed Thomas Jefferson to draft the Declaration of Independence (signed along with Adams’ second cousin Samuel Adams).

In 1778 Adams was sent to Paris to help the cause of the colonists. He returned the following year

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