Who Was The Third President Of The United States – Thomas Jefferson, spokesman for democracy, was an American Founding Father, the main author of the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the third President of the United States (1801-1809).
At the height of partisan strife in 1800, Thomas Jefferson wrote in a private letter: “I have sworn on the altar of God eternal enmity against every form of tyranny over the mind of man.
Who Was The Third President Of The United States
This powerful defender of freedom was born in 1743 in Albemarle County, Virginia, inheriting from his father, a planter and surveyor, about 5,000 acres of land, and from his mother, Randolph, of high social rank. He studied at the College of William and Mary, then studied law. In 1772 he married Martha Wayles Skelton, a widow, and took her to live in his partially built house on top of a mountain, Monticello.
Thomas Jefferson (1743 1826). American Founding Father, The Principal Author Of The Declaration Of Independence (1776) And De Third President Of The United State (1801 1809). Colored Engraving Stock Photo
Freckled and red-haired, rather tall and awkward, Jefferson was eloquent as a correspondent, but he was no public speaker. At the Virginia House of Burgesses and the Continental Congress, he contributed his pen rather than his voice to the patriotic cause. As a “silent member” of Congress, 33-year-old Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. In the years that followed, he strove to make his words a reality in Virginia. Most notably, he wrote a bill establishing religious freedom, enacted in 1786.
Jefferson succeeded Benjamin Franklin as Minister to France in 1785. His sympathy for the French Revolution brought him into conflict with Alexander Hamilton when Jefferson was Secretary of State in the cabinet of President Washington. He resigned in 1793.
A sharp political conflict developed and two separate parties, the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans, began to form. Jefferson gradually assumed leadership of the Republicans, who sympathized with the revolutionary cause in France. Attacking federalist policies, he opposed a strong centralized government and defended states’ rights.
As a reluctant candidate for president in 1796, Jefferson came within three votes of election. Through a loophole in the constitution, he became Vice President, although an opponent of President Adams. In 1800, the defect caused a greater problem. Republican voters, trying to nominate both president and vice president of their own party, voted a tie between Jefferson and Aaron Burr. The House of Representatives settled the tie. Hamilton, disliking either Jefferson or Burr, nevertheless called for Jefferson’s election.
Thomas Jefferson (1743 1826). Third President Of The United States. Jefferson’s Careless Dress While President. Engraving, 19th Century. Poster Print By Granger Collection
When Jefferson took over the presidency, the crisis in France was over. He cut military and naval expenses, cut the budget, eliminated the whiskey tax so unpopular in the West, reducing the national debt by a third. He also sent a naval squadron to fight the Barbary pirates who were harassing American trade in the Mediterranean. In addition, although the constitution made no provision for the acquisition of new land, Jefferson removed his disputes about constitutionality when he had the opportunity to acquire the territory of Louisiana from Napoleon in 1803.
During Jefferson’s second term, he was increasingly concerned with preventing the nation from becoming involved in the Napoleonic Wars, although England and France were influencing the neutral rights of American merchants. Jefferson’s attempted solution, an embargo on American shipping, failed and was unpopular.
Jefferson retired to Monticello to consider projects such as his grand plans for the University of Virginia. A French noble observed that he placed his house and his mind “on an elevated position, from where he could contemplate the universe”.
Presidential biographies are taken from “The Presidents of the United States of America”, by Frank Freidel and Hugh Sidey. Copyright 2006 by the White House Historical Association.Photo, Print, Drawing Thomas Jefferson — Third President of the United States / Lithographed and published by H. Robinson, N.Y. & Washington, D.C.
Thomas Jefferson Third President United States Stock Vector (royalty Free) 229354948
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United States, Circa 1922: Vintage Us Postage Stamp Celebrating Thomas Jefferson, The Third President Of The United States Of America, Circa 1922. Stock Photo, Picture And Royalty Free Image. Image 24738492
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Thomas Jefferson – third President of the United States / lithographed and published by H. Robinson, N.Y. & Washington, D.C.
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