Why Do I Keep Having Dizzy Spells – Vertigo refers to a variety of sensations such as feeling that the room is spinning, dizziness, and physical unsteadiness. There are many possible causes of dizziness, which may be related to a person’s external environment, medications they are taking, or an underlying medical condition.
Recurrent dizziness or severe dizziness can significantly disrupt a person’s life. However, emergency medical care is rarely provided. People may feel dizzy after:
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Usually, people will be able to identify the cause of the dizziness. But this symptom can appear unexpectedly or for no reason.
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The causes of Raybone can range from temporary physical changes to more serious underlying conditions, some of which we will describe in more detail below.
If someone has vertigo, they may feel dizzy or disoriented. Vertigo refers to the feeling of artificial movement. Vertigo can make people feel as if their surroundings are spinning or spinning.
These channels send information to the brain about the state and movements of the body, but the presence of calcium particles causes the brain to misread the information.
There is no known cause of this inner ear condition, but some scientists believe it can occur when fluid builds up in the ear canals.
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Ménière’s disease can develop suddenly and without any reason. This can cause dizziness, ringing or buzzing sounds in the ears, and hearing loss.
Infections can cause inflammation in the inner ear or labyrinth. Labyrinthitis tends to develop after a viral infection, such as a cold or flu.
Antiviral and antihistamine drugs can effectively treat labyrinthitis. However, parts of the inner ear can be permanently damaged by this condition.
Repetitive motion while in a vehicle such as a car, plane, or boat can damage the structures of the inner ear, causing dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. People call it “motion sickness” or “sea sickness”.
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Pregnancy or the use of certain medications can increase a person’s sensitivity to motion and increase the risk of motion sickness. Symptoms of motion sickness usually disappear as soon as the person gets up on hard ground.
A migraine is a type of recurring headache that can cause throbbing or throbbing pain on one side of the head. The Migraine Foundation of America estimates that 30-50% of people experience vertigo during a migraine episode.
Sometimes people feel dizzy before a migraine episode begins. Other neurological symptoms or auras may precede the pain of a migraine headache. Auras can control a person’s vision, speech, and actions.
A sudden drop in blood pressure can cause temporary dizziness. Changes in blood pressure may occur after sitting or standing up too quickly.
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Conditions that affect the cardiovascular system, such as plaque buildup in the arteries and heart failure, can cause dizziness. People may experience lightheadedness or dizziness before or after a heart attack or stroke.
Iron deficiency can lead to a condition called anemia, where the body does not have enough oxygen-rich blood.
Appropriate dietary changes and the use of iron supplements can help treat mild forms of iron deficiency anemia. People with severe iron deficiency may need a blood transfusion.
Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) refers to any condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the inner ear. AIED can cause hearing loss in one or both ears.
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AIED causes nonspecific symptoms similar to an ear infection. In order for doctors to make an accurate diagnosis of AIED, they must take a complete medical history, perform a physical exam, and watch for additional symptoms.
Long-term or chronic stress can contribute to the development of serious health problems such as depression, anxiety, heart disease, diabetes or immune system disorders.
These hormones constrict blood vessels, increase heart rate, and cause rapid, shallow breathing. These reactions may cause dizziness or lightheadedness.
Some people may experience anxiety attacks that lead to dizziness, while others may experience sudden dizziness that leads to an anxiety attack.
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Stressful events such as an exam or a difficult emotional situation can trigger anxiety attacks. During an anxiety attack, people may experience dizziness, disorientation, and nausea.
A sudden or severe episode of dizziness can be distressing. However, dizziness usually goes away on its own and does not require emergency medical attention.
Dizziness is a nonspecific symptom that may indicate an underlying medical condition such as anxiety, stress, or low blood sugar.
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A common cause of vertigo while sleeping is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, a condition in which tiny crystals in one part of the ear that help sense gravity move incorrectly in the parts of the inner ear that control head movement.
People with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) experience benign or non-life-threatening, paroxysmal, or sudden and short periods of dizziness. Vertigo is a type of dizziness in which the room feels like it’s spinning.
In many cases, BPPV develops randomly. However, some conditions can cause or affect BPPV, including:
BPPV usually occurs when calcium carbonate crystals in the gravity-sensitive part of the ear called the utricle, or otoconia, dislodge. They then move into the semicircular canals, which are filled with fluid and sense movement.
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If enough otoconia accumulates in one of the canals, it can block the movement of the fluid that the canals use to detect head movement.
Semicircular canals generally do not respond to gravity. However, otoconia act by gravity. As a result, when pieces of otoconia accumulate in the semicircular canals, it can cause motion sensor fluid to stop moving. This sends the wrong message to the brain that the head is moving.
When the brain compares this false message from the inner ear with information from other senses and organs, it cannot match them, so it recognizes it as a spinning sensation.
This error causes nystagmus, a condition in which the eyes move uncontrollably back and forth or up and down, making the surroundings appear to be spinning.
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People with BPPV experience vertigo, suddenly spinning when everything around them is absent. People with vertigo due to inner ear problems also commonly have nystagmus, or uncontrolled eye movements.
People with BPPV can experience the particular feeling of dizziness in different ways. They may also feel different depending on the action that triggered the symptoms.
Vertigo can be a spinning or spinning sensation, feeling as if you’ve just stepped off a merry-go-round. Vertigo can also feel like the ground is tilting up and down, like being on a boat.
An additional description of vertigo is that it can make people who try to get out of bed feel like they are falling back into bed, and people who get into bed feel like they are falling out of bed.
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In most cases, BPPV only causes vertigo after certain types of movement or activities that cause the head to change position relative to gravity, such as:
Most people who wake up with vertigo usually have BPPV. The type of dizziness caused by BPPV lasts 1 minute or less. Some people with BPPV are symptom-free in between dizziness, while others continue to experience dizziness all or most of the time.
Vertigo is the main symptom caused by BPPV. However, the uncomfortable feeling of dizziness can cause other symptoms, such as:
Usually, BPPV is not a serious condition. The biggest risk is injury from falling or losing balance.
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However, people should talk to their doctor about intermittent periods of vertigo after changing their head position. People should also talk to their doctor about periods of dizziness that last longer than 1-2 minutes.
People with vertigo should seek emergency medical attention if they experience additional symptoms unrelated to BPPV, such as:
They can then refer people to a specialist health professional, such as an ear, nose and throat doctor or a vestibular rehabilitation therapist.
The specialist will ask the person to move their head in certain ways to see which movements trigger the symptoms.
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If someone has vertigo, the specialist will carefully observe their nystagmus to identify specific patterns that confirm BPPV. It also helps to determine in which ear and in which canal the displaced otoconium originated.
In order to properly treat BPPV, a specialist must determine what type of BPPV someone has. It can be canalithiasis or cupulolithiasis.
Canalitis is the most common form of BPPV and involves the otoconia moving freely in the fluid of the ear canal.
Cupulothiasis is less common than canalithiasis and involves the otoconia attached to the nerve bundle that senses the movement of fluid in the canal.
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BPPV symptoms tend to decrease over time because
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